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Effect of satisfaction in major and career search efficacy on career search behavior in dental hygiene students

치위생과 학생의 전공만족도, 진로탐색효능감이 진로탐색 행동에 미치는 영향

  • Jung, Gi-Ok (Department of Dental Hygiene, Daegu Health College) ;
  • Choi, Gyu-Yil (Department of Dental Hygiene, Daegu Health College) ;
  • Bae, Ji-Young (Department of Dental Hygiene, Youngnam Foreign Language College)
  • 정기옥 (대구보건대학교 치위생과) ;
  • 최규일 (대구보건대학교 치위생과) ;
  • 배지영 (영남외국어대학 치위생과)
  • Received : 2012.09.24
  • Accepted : 2013.02.16
  • Published : 2013.02.28

Abstract

Objectives : The purpose of this research is to identify the effect of Dental Hygienic students' level of satisfaction towards their major and sense of career exploration efficacy on their career exploration behavior so that the key findings of this research will help the university students to explore career related to their major and to assume rational attitude towards their career path. Methods : The study was conducted targeting 450 university students who are studying in the Department of Dental Hygienic at the four universities located in Daegu, Gyeongsangbuk-do and Chungcheongbuk-do. Data collection was carried out using the self-administered questions based on the use of structured survey questionnaire, and analysis was conducted using frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. Results : 1. Total grade of the Dental Hygienic students' level of satisfaction towards their major was $3.36{\pm}.49$ points, while total grade of the sense of career exploration efficacy was $3.06{\pm}.46$ points. In case of the career exploration behavior, the total grade was $2.76{\pm}.53$ points. 2. In case of the level of satisfaction towards their major, there was a significant difference depending on the class, grade and motivation for admission. As for the sense of career exploration efficacy and career exploration behavior, there was a significant difference depending on grade. 3. Sense of career exploration efficacy and career exploration behavior demonstrated level of satisfaction towards their major manifested positive correlation. Sense of career exploration efficacy manifested positive correlation career exploration behavior. 4. As for the elements that affect Dental Hygienic students' career exploration behavior, they were level of satisfaction towards their major and sense of career exploration efficacy, and the explanatory power was 19.0%. Conclusions : It should be necessary to study the elements that affect Dental Hygienic students' career exploration behavior in greater depth using diverse methods and information in order to increase sense of career exploration efficacy so that the individual Dental Hygienic students can engage in detailed career exploration behavior for the sake of their career path.

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