Sensorless Fuzzy Direct Torque Control for High Performance Electric Vehicle with Four In-Wheel Motors

Sekour, M'hamed;Hartani, Kada;Draou, Azeddine;Allali, Ahmed

  • Received : 2012.01.21
  • Accepted : 2012.12.14
  • Published : 2013.05.01


This paper describes a control scheme of speed sensorless fuzzy direct torque control (FDTC) of permanent magnet synchronous motor for electric vehicle (EV). Electric vehicle requires fast torque response and high efficiency of the drive. Speed sensorless FDTC In-wheel PMSM drives without mechanical speed sensors at the motor shaft have the attractions of low cost, quick response and high reliability in electric vehicle application. This paper presents a new approach to estimate the speed of in-wheel electrical vehicles based on Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS). The direct torque control suffers in low speeds due to the effect of changes in stator resistance on the flux measurements. To improve the system performance at low speeds, a PI-fuzzy resistance estimator is proposed to eliminate the error due to changes in stator resistance. High performance sensorless drive of the in-wheel motor based on MRAS with on line stator resistance tuning is established for four motorized wheels electric vehicle and the whole system is simulated by matalb/simulink. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the new control strategy. This proposed control strategy is extensively used in electric vehicle application.


Electric vehicle;Fuzzy logic;In-wheel motor;Sensorless control;Model Reference Adaptive system;Direct torque control


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