DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Influence of Dietary Fat Source on Growth Performance Responses and Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks

  • Poorghasemi, Mohammadreza (Department of Animal Science, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Seidavi, Alireza (Department of Animal Science, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Qotbi, Ali Ahmad Alaw (Department of Animal Science, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Laudadio, Vito (DETO-Section of Veterinary and Animal Production, University of Bari 'Aldo Moro') ;
  • Tufarelli, Vincenzo (DETO-Section of Veterinary and Animal Production, University of Bari 'Aldo Moro')
  • Received : 2012.11.11
  • Accepted : 2013.01.11
  • Published : 2013.05.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effects of three different fat sources and their combination on growth performance, carcass traits and intestinal measurements of broiler chickens reared to 42 d of age. Two hundred day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to one of five treatments with four replicates of 10 chicks based on a completely randomized design. The dietary treatments consisted of 4% added fat from three different sources and their combination as follows: T, diet containing 4% tallow; CO, diet containing 4% canola oil; SFO, diet containing 4% sunflower oil; TCO, diet containing 2% tallow+2% canola oil; TSFO, diet containing 2% tallow+2% sunflower oil. Dietary fat type affected significantly BW and gain as well as feed efficiency in birds fed the TCO diets compared with those fed the other diets. Dietary fat type also modified meat yield, resulting in a higher breast and drumstick yields in the birds fed TCO and TSFO diets, respectively. Most of internal organ relative weights and small intestine measurements were not influenced by dietary treatments, except for the abdominal fat pad weight that was lower in birds fed SFO and for small intestinal length that was influenced by fat source. Results from the current study suggested that the supplementation with a combination of vegetable and animal fat sources in broiler diet supported positively growth performance and carcass parameters.

Keywords

Broiler;Fats;Performance;Carcass Traits

References

  1. Wongsuthavas, S., S. Terapuntuwat, W. Wongsrikeaw, S. Katawatin, C. Yuangklang and A. C. Beynen. 2008. Influence of amount and type of fat deposition, adipocyte count and iodine number of abdominal fat in broiler chickens. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 92:92-98.
  2. Laudadio, V., A. Dambrosio, G. Normanno, R. U. Khan, S. Naz, E. Rowghani and V. Tufarelli. 2012. Effect of reducing dietary protein level on performance responses and some microbiological aspects of broiler chickens under summer environmental conditions. Avian Biol. Res. 5:88-92. https://doi.org/10.3184/175815512X13350180713553
  3. Leeson, S. and J. D. Summers. 2001. Nutrition of the chicken. 4th ed. Ontario, University Books, p. 413.
  4. Mateos, G. G., J. L. Sell and J. A. Eastwood. 1982. Rate of food passage as influenced by level of supplemental fat. Poult. Sci. 61:94-100. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0610094
  5. Mohammadi, M., A. Lavvaf, E. Hajian and V. Jaberzadeh. 2011. The effect of different levels of poultry by product meal on carcass quality in broiler. Res. Opin. Anim. Vet. Sci. 1:697-699.
  6. National Research Council. 1994. Nutrient requirements of poultry. National Academic Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  7. Newman, R. E., W. L. Bryden, E. Fleck, J. R. Ashes, W. A. Buttemer, L. H. Storlien and J. A. Downing. 2002. Dietary n-3 and n-6 fatty acids alter avian metabolism: molecular-species composition of breast-muscle phospholipids. Br. J. Nutr. 88:19-28. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN2002581
  8. Peebles, E. D., C. D. Zumwalt, S. M. Doyle, P. D. Gerard, M. A. Latour, C. R. Boyle and T. W. Smith. 2000. Effects of breeder age and dietary fat source and level on broiler hatching egg characteristics. Poult. Sci. 79:698-704. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/79.5.698
  9. Pesti, G. N., R. I. Bakalli, M. Qiao and K. G. Sterling. 2002. A comparison of eight grades of fats as broiler feed ingredients. Poult. Sci. 81:382-390. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/81.3.382
  10. Sanz, M., A. Flores, D. E. Perez, P. Ayala and C. J. Lopez-Bote. 1999. Higher lipid accumulation in broilers fed on saturated fats than in those fed unsaturated fats. Br. Poult. Sci. 40:95-101. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669987908
  11. Sanz, M., A. Flores and C. J. Lopez-Bote. 2000. The metabolic use of energy from dietary fat in broilers is affected by fatty acid saturation. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:61-68.
  12. Shahryar, H. A., R. Salamatdoustnobar, A. Lak and A. R. Lotfi. 2011. Effect of dietary supplemented canola oil and poultry fat on the performance and carcass characterizes of broiler chickens. Curr. Res. J. Biol. Sci. 3:388-392.
  13. Snaz, M., C. J. Lopez-Bote, D. Menoyo D. and J. M. Bautista. 2000. Abdominal fat deposition and fatty acid synthesis are lower and ?-oxidation is higher in broiler chickens fed diets containing unsaturated rather than saturated fat. J. Nutr. 130:3034-3037.
  14. Thacker, P. A., G. L. Campbell and Y. Xu. 1994. Composition and nutritive value of acidulated fatty acids, degummed canola oil and tallow as energy sources for starting broiler chicks. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 46:251-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(94)90143-0
  15. Waldroup, P. W., S. E. Watkins and E. A. Saleh. 1995. Comparison of 2 blended animal-vegetable fats having low or high free fatty acid content. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 4:41-48. https://doi.org/10.1093/japr/4.1.41
  16. Ahmad, F., S. Mahmood, Zia-Ur-Rehman, M. Ashraf, M. Alam and A. Muzaffar. 2006. Effect of feeding management on energy, protein intake and carcass characteristics of broilers during summer. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 8:546-549.
  17. Andreotti, M. O., O. M. Junqueira, L. C. Cancherini, E. A. Rodrigues and N. K. Sakomura. 2001. Valor nutricional de algumas fontes de gordura para frangos de corte. In: Anais da 38th Reuniao Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia, Piracicaba, SP. Piracicaba, SBZ.
  18. AOAC. 2000. International. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 17th ed. AOAC Int., Arlington, VA, USA.
  19. Baiao, N. C. and L. J. C. Lara. 2005. Oil and fat in broiler nutrition. Braz. J. Poult. Sci. 1:129-141.
  20. Bezard, J., J. P. Blond, A. Bernard and P. Clouet. 1994. The metabolism and availability of essential fatty acids in animal and human tissues. Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 34:539-568. https://doi.org/10.1051/rnd:19940603
  21. Celebi, S. and N. Utlu. 2004 Laying performance, serum lipoproteins, cholesterol and triglyceride of hens as influenced by dietary fat sources. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 25:121-124. https://doi.org/10.1080/09712119.2004.9706488
  22. Crespo, N. and E. Esteve-Garcia. 2002. Nutrient and fatty acid deposition in broilers fed different fatty acid profiles. Poult. Sci. 81:1533-1542. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/81.10.1533
  23. Ferrini, G., M. D. Baucells, E. Esteve-Garcia and A. C. Barroeta. 2008. Dietary polyunsaturated fat reduces skin fat as well as abdominal fat in broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 87:528-535. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2007-00234
  24. Gallardo M. A., D. D. Perez and F. M. Leighton. 2012. Modification of fatty acid composition in broiler chickens fed canola oil. Biol. Res. 45:149-161. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0716-97602012000200007
  25. Ghazalah A. A., M. O. Abd-Elsamee and A. M. Ali. 2008. Influence of dietary energy and poultry fat on the response of broiler chicks to heat therm. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 7:355-359. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2008.355.359
  26. Golian, A. and D. Polin. 1984. Passage rate of feed in very young chicks. Poult. Sci. 63:1013-1019. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0631013
  27. Jeffri, D., H. Firman and A. Kamyab. 2010. Comparison of soybean oil with an animal/vegetable blend at four energy levels in broiler rations from hatch to market. Int. Poult. Sci. 9:1027-1030. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2010.1027.1030
  28. Latshaw, J. D. 2008. Daily energy intake of broiler chickens is altered by proximate nutrient content and form of the diet. Poult. Sci. 87:89-95. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.2007-00173

Cited by

  1. Effect of Different Dietary n-6 to n-3 Fatty Acid Ratios on the Performance and Fatty Acid Composition in Muscles of Broiler Chickens vol.27, pp.11, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2014.14013
  2. An extra-virgin olive oil rich in polyphenolic compounds has antioxidant effects in meat-type broiler chickens vol.23, pp.7, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5852-1
  3. Controlling of growth performance, lipid deposits and fatty acid composition of chicken meat through a probiotic, Lactobacillus johnsonii during subclinical Clostridium perfringens infection vol.16, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12944-017-0408-7
  4. Fatty acid composition, fat deposition, lipogenic gene expression and performance of broiler fed diet supplemented with different sources of oil vol.88, pp.9, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.12775
  5. Evaluating the nutritive profile of three insect meals and their effects to replace soya bean in broiler diet pp.09312439, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12809
  6. Effects of dietary supplementation with a combination of plant oils on performance, meat quality and fatty acid deposition of broilers vol.31, pp.11, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0056
  7. Utilizing the House Fly (Musca Domestica) Larva as an Alternative to Soybean Meal in Broiler Ration During the Starter Phase vol.20, pp.1, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9061-2017-0529