Gender Sensitive Anaylsis on National Pension of South Korea

우리나라 국민연금에 대한 성인지적 분석

  • 유지영 (남서울대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 성문주 (남서울대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2013.01.02
  • Accepted : 2013.03.20
  • Published : 2013.03.31


Present study examines the gender disparity in terms of its beneficiaries or benefit amount of National Pension of South Korea from the perspective of gender sensitivity. National Pension system has been manipulated and developed in order to maximize its universality. However, substantial gender differences are still found in terms of beneficiary number and benefit amount in the program. Benefit condition and benefit structure are determined assuming that male is the primary breadwinner in household and the primary regular full time worker in labor market. Women are only counted as dependents or excluded as unstable workers. As a result, women are fully or partially excluded from the program as they are excluded in other public sector such as labor market. Women's work (such as caring and housekeeping) are not taken into account in National Pension program. Policy suggestions for the National Pension of South Korea are also provided as the last part of this paper.


National Pension;social insurance;social security;gender-sensitive analysis


Supported by : 남서울대학교