DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Risk Assessment of Pesticide Operator Using Modified UK-POEM in Korean Orchard

변형된 UK-POEM을 이용한 한국 과수 농약살포자 위해성 평가

  • Hong, Soonsung (National Agro-Food Safety Department, Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • You, Are-Sun (National Agro-Food Safety Department, Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Jeong, Mihye (National Agro-Food Safety Department, Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Park, Kyung-Hun (National Agro-Food Safety Department, Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Park, Jae-Yup (National Agro-Food Safety Department, Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Lee, Young-Ja (National Agro-Food Safety Department, Academy of Agricultural Science)
  • 홍순성 (국림농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 유아선 (국림농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 정미혜 (국림농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 박경훈 (국림농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 박재읍 (국림농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 이영자 (국림농업과학원 농산물안전성부)
  • Received : 2012.11.21
  • Accepted : 2013.02.28
  • Published : 2013.03.31

Abstract

This study was performed in order to assess the risk of korean orchard worker due to pesticide exposure. The amount of pesticide exposure was calculated based on the informations of 97 kind of items that are used the form of a spraying in Korean orchard. The risks of these pesticides were assessed to compare the exposure amount with AOEL (acceptable operator exposure level) which was released form developed countries. When the operator sprayed pesticides using speed sprayer, 74.2% of pesticide items showed the risk for operator if the operator have not worn the personal protective equipment (PPE), and 42.3% of pesticide items showed the risk for operator if the operator have worn the PPE. In case of using motor sprayer, 64.1% of pesticide items showed the risk for operator if the operator have not worn the PPE, and 19.4% of pesticide items showed the risk for operator if the operator have worn the PPE. This result was indicated that the risk of pesticide against the operator was very high in korean orchard operator.

Keywords

Assessment;Exposure;Pesticide operator;Risk

Acknowledgement

Grant : 한국형 농약노출량 산정모델 확립 및 평가방법 선진화

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

References

  1. Durham, W. F. and H. R. Wolfe (1962) Measurement of the exposure of workers to pesticides, Bull, WHO, 26:75-91.
  2. European Commission (2006) Guidance for the setting and application of acceptable operator exposure levels (AOEL). Working document (7531/rev.10 of 07/07/2006), DG SANCO.
  3. Hong, S, J. Lee, Y. Park, J. S. Shin, G. Im and G. H. Ryu (2007) The proposure estimation of korean orchard farmer. The korean society of pesticide science. 11(4):281-288.
  4. UK scientific Sub-committee on Pesticides and British Agrochemical Association Joint Medical Panel, JMP (1986) UK Predictive Operator Exposure Model(POEM): Estimation of exposure and absorption of pesticides by spray operator, Pesticide Safety Directorate, York, UK.
  5. Korea Crop Protection Association (2011). Agrochemicals use guid book.
  6. PHED (1992) Notice of Availability of the Pesticides Handler Exposure Database(PHED) version 1.1, through VERSAR, Inc., Arlington, VA, USA, Federal Register, 57(107):23403-23404, Washington, DC, USA.
  7. POEM (1992) UK Predictive Operator Exposure Model (POEM): A User Guide, Pesticides safety directorate, York, UK.
  8. Rural development administration. Agrochemicals control act.
  9. Van Golstein Brouwers, Y. G. C., J. Marquart and J. J. van Hemmen (1996) Assessment of occupational exposure to pesticides in agriculture, Part IV, Protocol for the use of generic exposure data, TNO report V96.1358, TNO, Zeist, The Netherlands.
  10. Van Hemmen, J. J. (1992) Agricultural pesticide exposure database for risk assessment, Rev. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 126:1-85. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-9748-9_1
  11. Van Hemmen, J. J. (1993) Pretictive exposure modelling for pesticide registration purpose, Ann. Occup. Hyg. 37:525-541. https://doi.org/10.1093/annhyg/37.5.525

Cited by

  1. Fundamental Research for Establishing a Job-Exposure Matrix (JEM) for Farmers Related to Insecticides (I): Rice Cultivation vol.24, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.15269/JKSOEH.2014.24.1.059
  2. Analysis of Pesticide Applications on Apple Orchards in Geochang, Korea vol.19, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2015.19.2.93
  3. Evaluation of Exposure Level to Pyrethroid Pesticides according to Protective Equipment in Male Orchard Farmers vol.28, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.7856/kjcls.2017.28.3.391
  4. Estimation of Exposure Dose and Occupational Risk Assessment with Various Dermal Absorption Default in Spraying of Plant Protection Products vol.21, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.7585/kjps.2017.21.4.434
  5. Risk Assessment of Operator Exposure During Treatment of Fungicide Dithianon on Apple Orchard vol.37, pp.4, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2018.37.4.40