Increasing Sense of Self-Control over Pregnancy: Information Seeking Patterns of Pregnant Women's

임신에 대한 자아통제감 향상하기: 임신부의 정보추구 경험 유형

  • Received : 2013.08.15
  • Accepted : 2013.09.16
  • Published : 2013.09.30


The purpose of this study is to construct a substantive theory that described and explained how pregnant women are seeking information in context of pregnancy. A qualitative design based on the method of grounded theory was utilized. In-depth interviews were conducted with 16 pregnant women, selected by theoretical sampling who receiving antenatal care 3 different university hospitals. The interview data were transcribed and systematically analyzed according to the open coding, axial coding and selective coding. 'Increasing Sense of Self-Control over Pregnancy' was the core category for describing and guiding the process of seeking information during the pregnancy. To construct a theory of 'Increasing Sense of Self-Control over Pregnancy' in this study, eight hypothetical statement were generated from the relationships among the core category and the other categories, thus four patterns were derived as follows: 'Desperately Seeking', 'Actively Seeking', 'Unconcernedly Seeking', 'Resignedly Seeking'. The implications of the findings are discussed in terms of development of LIS theory in Korea, theory development of information behavior, education for LIS, and information service practice. The suggestions for further research are provided.


  1. 김갑선. "임신부의 정보추구 경험: 정보추구의 구조와 과정." 한국문헌정보학회지, 제40권, 제1호(2006. 3), pp.13-37. (Kim, Kapseon. "Pregnant Women's Information Seeking Process: Structure and Process of Information Seeking." Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science, Vol.40, No.1(2006. 3), pp.13-37)
  2. 김갑선. "임신부의 정보추구 과정." 질적연구, 제7권, 2호(2006. 12), pp.27-40. (Kim, Kapseon. "Information Seeking Process of Pregnant Women's." Journal of Qualitative Research, Vol.7, No.2(2006. 12), pp.27-40.)
  3. Aaronson, Lauren S., Carol Macnee Mural, Susan K. Pfoutz, "Seeking Information: Where Do Pregnant Women Go?." Health Education Quarterly, Vol.15, No.3(September 1988), pp.335-345.
  4. Atuyambea, Lynn. et al., "Seeking Safety and Empathy: Adolescent Health Seeking Behavior During Pregnancy and Early Motherhood in Central Uganda." Journal of Adolescence, Vol.32, No.4(August 2009), pp.781-796.
  5. Blumer, Herbert. Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.
  6. Clarke, Penny E. and Harriet Gross, "Women's Behaviour, Beliefs and Information Sources about Physical Exercise in Pregnancy." Midwifery, Vol.20, No.2(June 2004), pp.133-141.
  7. Corbin, Juliet. M. "Women's Perceptions and Management of a Pregnancy Complicated by Chronic Illness." Health Care of Women International, Vol.8(1987), pp.317-337.
  8. Davies, Myfanwy M. and Peter A. Bath. "Interpersonal Sources of Health and Maternity Information for Somali Women Living in The UK." Journal of Documentation, Vol.58, No.3(2002), pp.302-318.
  9. Degner, Lesley and Jeffrey Sloan. "Decision Making During Serious Illness: What Role Do Patients Really Want to Play?" Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, Vol.45, No.9(1992), pp.941-950.
  10. Dervin, Brenda. "An Overview of Sense-Making Research: Concepts, Methods, and Results to Date." Presented at: International Communication Association Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, USA, May 1983.
  11. [cited 2001. 8. 13] Ellis, David. "A Behavioral Approach to Information Retrieval System Design." Journal of Documentation, Vol.45, No.3(1989), pp.171-212.
  12. Ellis, David. "Modeling the Information-Seeking Patterns of Academic Researchers: a Grounded Theory Approach." Library Quarterly, Vol.63, No.4(1993), pp.469-486.
  13. Ellis, David, Debora Cox, and Katherine Hall. "A Comparison of The Information Seeking Patterns of Researchers in the Physical and Social Sciences." Journal of Documentation, Vol.49, No.4(1993), pp.356-369.
  14. Ellis, David. and Haugan. "Modeling the Information-Seeking Patterns of Engineers and Research Scientists in an Industrial Environment." Journal of Documentation, Vol.53, No.4(1997), pp.384-403.
  15. Garnweidner, Lisa, Kjell Sverre Pettersen and Annhild Mosdol. "Experiences With Nutrition-Related Information During Antenatal Care of Pregnant Women of Different Ethnic Backgrounds Residing in the Area of Oslo, Norway." Midwifery, in Press(2013).
  16. Gao, Ling-ling, Margareta Larsson and Shu-yuan Luo. "Internet Use by Chinese Women Seeking Pregnancy-Related Information." Midwifery, Vol.29, No.7(July 2013), pp.730-735.
  17. Haig, Brian. Grounded Theory as Scientific Method. Philosophy of Education, 1995. [cited 2002. 10. 2].
  18. Jacoby, A. "Mothers' Views about Information and Advice in Pregnancy and Childbirth: Findings from a National Study." Midwifery, Vol.4(1988), pp.103-110.
  19. Johnson, David J. Cancer-Related Information Seeking. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 1997.
  20. Kuhlthau, Caroal Collier. "Inside the Search Process: Information Seeking from the User's Perspective." Journal of the American Society for Information Science, Vol.42, No.5(1991), pp.361-371.<361::AID-ASI6>3.0.CO;2-#
  21. Kuhlthau, Caroal Collier. Seeking Meaning: a Process Approach to Library and Information Services. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing, 1993.
  22. Kuhlthau, C. "A Principle of Uncertainty for Information Seeking." Journal of Documentation, Vol.49, No.4(1993), pp.339-355.
  23. Larsson, Margareta. et al., "A Descriptive Study of the Use of the Internet by Women Seeking Pregnancy-Related Information." Midwifery, Vol.25, No.1(Feb.2009), pp.14-20.
  24. Lagan, Briege, Marlene Sinclair and W. George Kernohan. "Pregnant Women's Use of the Internet: a Review of Published and Unpublished Evidence." Evidence Based Midwifery, Vol.4, No.1(2006), pp.17-23.
  25. Lenz, Elizabeth R. "Information Seking: a Component of Client Decisions and Health Behavior." Advances in Nursing Science, Vol.6, No.3(1985), pp.59-72.
  26. Levy, Valerie. "Maintaining Equilibrium: a Grounded Theory Study of the Processes Involved when Women Make Informed Choices During Pregnancy." Midwifery, Vol.15(1999), pp.109-119.
  27. Lewallen, Lynne Porter. "Healthy Behaviors and sources of Health Information Among Low-Income Pregnant Women." Public Health Nursing, Vol.21, No.3(May/June 2004), pp.200-206.
  28. Lincoln, Yvonna S. and Guba, Egon G. Naturalistic Inquiry. Beverly Hills, Calif. : Sage Publications, 1985. pp.289-331.
  29. Mckenzie, Pamela J. "A Model of Information Practices in Accounts of Everyday-Life Information Seeking." Journal of Documentation, Vol.59, No.1(2003), pp.19-40.
  30. Miller, Suzanne M. "Interacting Effects of Information and Coping Style in Adapting to Gynecologic Stress: Should the Doctors Tell All?." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.45(1983), pp.223-236.
  31. Miller, Suzanne M. "Monitoring and Blunting: Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Styles of Information Seeking under Threat." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.52(1987), pp.345-353.
  32. Mills, Moyra E. and Robin Davidson. "Cancer Patients' Sources of Information: Use and Quality Issues." Psycho-Oncology, Vol.11(2002), pp.371-378.
  33. Palmer, Judith. "Scientists and Information: I. Using Cluster Analysis to Identify Information Style." Journal of Documentation, Vol.47, No.2(1991), pp.105-129.
  34. Savolainen, Reijo. "Everyday Life Information Seeking: Approaching Information Seeking in the Context of "Way of Life''." Library & Information Science Research, Vol.17(1995), pp.259-294.
  35. Shieh, Carol, Anna McDaniel and Irene Ke. "Information-Seeking and its Predictors in Low-Income Pregnant Women." Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, Vol.54, No.5(Sept.-Oct. 2009), pp.364-372.
  36. Shieh, Carol, Marion E. Broome and Timothy E. Stump. "Factors Associated with Health Information-Seeking in Low-Income Pregnant Women." Women & Health, Vol.50, No.5(2010), pp.426-442.
  37. Shieh, Carol et al., "Health Literacy and Its Association With the Use of Information Sources and With Barriers to Information Seeking in Clinic-Based Pregnant Women." Health Care for Women International, Vol.30, No.11(2009), pp.971-988.
  38. Strauss, Anselm and Juliet Corbin. Basics of Qualitative research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques. London: Sage, 1990.
  39. Strauss, Anselm and Juliet Corbin. Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory. 2nd. ed. Newbury Park, Calif. : Sage, 1998.
  40. Szwajcer, E. M. et al., "Nutrition-Related Information-Seeking Behaviours Before and Throughout the Course of Pregnancy: Consequences for Nutrition Cmmunication." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol.59, Suppl.1(2005), pp.S57-S65.
  41. Szwajcera, Ellen M. et al., "Nutrition-Related Information-Seeking Behaviours of Women Trying to Conceive and Pregnant Women: Evidence for the Life Course Perspective." Family Practice, Vol.25, Suppl.1(2008), pp.i99-i104.
  42. Zuuren, Florence J. Van and Heleen M. Wolfs. "Styles of Information Seeking under Threat: Personal and Situational Aspects of Monitoring and Blunting." Personality and Individual Difference, Vol.12, No.2(1991), pp.141-149.