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Development of the DRG Fee Adjustment Mechanism Reflecting Nurse Staffing Grades

간호관리료 차등제를 반영한 DRG수가 조정기전 개발

  • Kim, Yunmi (College of Nursing, Eulji University) ;
  • Kim, Se Young (Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University) ;
  • Kim, Jiyun (Department of Nursing, Gachon University)
  • Received : 2013.09.23
  • Accepted : 2013.10.25
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: Korean health insurance extended application of the Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG) payment system to tertiary and general hospitals from July, 2013. This study was done to develop a DRG fee adjustment mechanism applied to levels of nurse staffing to assure quality nursing service. Methods: Nurse stafffing grades among hospitals in Korea were analyzed. Differences and ratio of inpatient costs by nurse staffing grades in DRG fees and differences of DRG fee between tertiary and general hospitals were compared. Results: In 2013, nurse staffing grades in tertiary and general hospitals had improved, but other hospital nurse staffing grades remained at the 2001 level. Gaps of inpatient costs between first and seventh nurse staffing grades were over 10% in 4 out of 7 DRG diagnosis; However differences of DRG fee between tertiary and general hospitals were only 4.51% and 4.72% respectively. A DRG fee adjustment mechanism was developed that included nurse staffing grades and hospitalization days as factors of the formula. Conclusion: Current DRG fees motivate hospitals to decrease nurse staffing grades because cost reduction is bigger than compensation. This DRG fee adjustment mechanism reflects nurse staffing supply to motivate hospitals to hire more nurses as a reasonable compensation system.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 병원간호사회