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Simple Mass-screening Methods for Resistance of Tomato to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici

토마토 시들음병에 대한 간편 대량 저항성 검정법

  • Park, Myung Soo (Research Center for Biobased Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Jang, Kyoung Soo (Research Center for Biobased Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Choi, Yong Ho (Research Center for Biobased Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Cheol (Research Center for Biobased Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Choi, Gyung Ja (Research Center for Biobased Chemistry, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology)
  • 박명수 (한국화학연구원 바이오화학연구센터) ;
  • 장경수 (한국화학연구원 바이오화학연구센터) ;
  • 최용호 (한국화학연구원 바이오화학연구센터) ;
  • 김진철 (한국화학연구원 바이오화학연구센터) ;
  • 최경자 (한국화학연구원 바이오화학연구센터)
  • Received : 2012.07.11
  • Accepted : 2012.10.05
  • Published : 2013.02.28

Abstract

This study was carried out to establish the simple mass-screening methods for resistant tomato to Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (FOL). Root dip inoculation method has been used in many studies on the resistance of tomato to disease. On the other hand, in mass-screening for resistant tomato to Fusarium wilt, the inoculation method is time-consuming and laborious procedure. Disease development of two FOL isolates on two cultivars of tomato according to inoculation method including root dip, tip and scalpel methods were investigated. In compatible interaction, tomato seedlings of each cultivar inoculated by tip method showed the lower and more variable disease severities than by root dip method. Whereas the seedlings by scalpel method represented clear resistant and susceptible responses to Fusarium wilt as root dip method. The resistance degree of each cultivar inoculated with FOL isolates by scalpel method was hardly affected by the tested incubation temperature and inoculum concentration. On the basis of the results, we suggest scalpel inoculation method as an efficient mass-screening method for resistant of tomato cultivars to Fusarium wilt. Roots of tomato seedlings at two-leaf stage grown in plastic cell tray were injured with scalpel and then spore suspension (more than $1{\times}10^7\;conidia{\cdot}mL^{-1}$) of FOL was poured directly on the roots. The infected plants were cultivated in a growth room at $25-30^{\circ}C$ for 4 weeks with 12-hours light a day.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림수산식품부

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