East Asian Trade before/after 1590s Occupation of Korea: Modeling Imports and Exports in Global Context

  • Flynn, Dennis O. (University of the Pacific) ;
  • Lee, Marie A. (University of the Pacific)
  • Published : 2013.01.31


The purpose of this essay is threefold. First, to highlight research of Seonmin KIM, whose 2006 Ph.D. dissertation elucidates complex relationships among Ming China, Choson Korea, Tokugawa Japan, and mountainous ginseng-producing "borderlands" between Korea and China; her story concludes with the remarkable rise of a borderlands power that overthrew Ming China, there-by establishing dominance that lasted into the $20^{th}$ century - the Qing Dynasty. A second purpose is to showcase application of a non-standard-model - the Hydraulic Metaphor - that elucidates economic components of Professor KIM's history via visual and intuitive mechanisms designed to be understandable for non-specialists. Last, an outline of East Asian history is placed within context of centuries of monetary evolution that eventually yielded the late-$16^{th}$-century birth of globalization.


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  43. Extensive bibliography and analysis of precious metals in Spanish American can be found on Richard Garner's website (including references to his own works): Extensive bibliographic information is also maintained by John Munro at and at
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  50. Han-Sheng Chuan, Dennis Flynn and Arturo Giraldez utilize evidence of Chinese silk exports to Mexico to infer flows of 2 million pesos (50 tons) of silver annually via Manila toward China. Chuan, "The Inflow of Silver into China from the Late Ming to the Mid-Ching Period," Journal of the Institute of Chinese Studies of the Chinese University of Hong Kong 2 (1969): 61-75
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  53. Attman, Dutch Enterprise in the World Bullion Trade 1550-1800 (Goteborg: Kungl. Vetenskaps- och Vitterhets-Samhallet, 1983), 21-22.
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  56. Mann, 1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2011).

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