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Current Status in Management of Children with Atopic Dermatitis and Knowledge and Practice of Preschool Teachers

보육교사의 아토피 피부염 아동 관리 현황과 아토피 피부염에 대한 지식 및 실천

  • Cho, In-Sook (Department of Nursing, Gwangju Women's University) ;
  • Ryu, Se-Ang (Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University)
  • 조인숙 (광주여자대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 류세앙 (목포대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2013.01.08
  • Accepted : 2013.01.17
  • Published : 2013.01.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe current status in management of children with atopic dermatitis and to examine knowledge and care practices of preschool teachers. Methods: A survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted. Knowledge and practice were measured with the questionnaire by Park (2011). Data were analysed using SPSS.WIN 20.0. Results: Of the teachers, 81.3% managed children with atopic dermatitis depending on parents' needs and 58.9% reported difficulties due to limited knowledge and expressed a need for continuing education and provision of educational guidelines. Preschool teachers had a mean score for knowledge about atopic dermatitis of .75 out of 1 point. Among three domains of knowledge, signs & symptoms had the highest score and management, the lowest. The mean score for care practices for children with atopic dermatitis was 3.4 out of 4 points. Among the four domains of care practices, food had the highest score and dress & bedclothes, the lowest. Knowledge and practice of the teachers were different according to responsibility in management and educational need. The correlation between knowledge and practice was not significant. Conclusion: These results suggest that educational programs and strategies should be developed to increase preschool teachers' knowledge and improve care practice for children with atopic dermatitis.

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