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Predicting Factors of Developmental Delay in Infant and Early Children

일 지역 보건소 내원 영유아의 발달지연의심 예측요인

  • 주현옥 (동아대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 박유경 (동아대학교대학원 간호학과) ;
  • 김동원 (동아대학교대학원 간호학과)
  • Received : 2012.12.29
  • Accepted : 2013.01.17
  • Published : 2013.01.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with suspicious developmental delay in infants and early childhood. Methods: Participants were 133 infants, aged from birth to 6 years old and their mothers, who were being seen at 16 Public health centers in B city. Korean Denver II was used to test infant development. ${\chi}^2$-test, Fisher's exact test and multiple logistic regression were used with SPSS 19.0 to analyze data. Results: Of participant infants, 7.5% were below the 3rd percentile for the weight percentile, 8.4% is a weight curve that crosses more than 2 percentile lines on the growth charts after previous achievement, and 9.8% had suspicious developmental delay according to Korean Denver II. Further the predictive factors related to suspicious development delay in the children were decrease of weight percentile (Odds Ratio [OR]=6.69, Confidence Interval [CI])=1.22-36.45), low economic state (OR=6.26, CI=1.50-26.00), and development delay perceived by their mothers (OR=4.99, CI=1.24-20.06). Conclusion: It is necessary to build a government level system to follow management of development of infants and children from the time of birth. Especially, it is necessary to develop a program for children in low income families.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Dong-A University

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