DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Soil Organic Carbon of Soil Series from 2003 to 2010 in Korea

  • Kim, Yoo Hak (Division of Soil and Fertilizer, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Kang, Seong Soo (Division of Soil and Fertilizer, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Myung Sook (Division of Soil and Fertilizer, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Kong, Myung Suk (Division of Soil and Fertilizer, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Choi, Soon Kun (Division of Soil and Fertilizer, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Oh, Taek Keun (Division of Soil and Fertilizer, NAAS, RDA)
  • Received : 2013.11.15
  • Accepted : 2013.12.05
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Soil organic carbon (SOC) of soil series is necessary to calculate soil C sequestration due to IPCC default categorized by climate regions and by soil types. The 3,400 thousand data were downloaded from agricultural soil information system and analyzed to get averages of soil order, soil series, and textual family for the three different soil management practices in Korea. The SOC content was $13.3{\pm}5.38g\;kg^{-1}$ in paddy field, $13.7{\pm}7.19g\;kg^{-1}$ in upland field, and $15.2{\pm}8.22g\;kg^{-1}$ in orchard soil, respectively. As SOC in orchard was 10% greater than that in upland, orchard must be managed with applying compost. The SOCs of inceptisols, which was largely distributed in Korea, were $13.6{\pm}5.48g\;kg^{-1}$ in paddy field, $14.1{\pm}7.38g\;kg^{-1}$ in upland field, and $15.3{\pm}8.20g\;kg^{-1}$ in orchard soil, respectively. The SOCs of alfisols were $13.6{\pm}4.96g\;kg^{-1}$ in paddy field, $13.7{\pm}6.99g\;kg^{-1}$ in upland field, and $15.6{\pm}8.59g\;kg^{-1}$ in orchard soil, respectively. The SOCs of entisols were $11.7{\pm}5.16g\;kg^{-1}$ in paddy field, $12.8{\pm}7.05g\;kg^{-1}$ in upland field, and $13.7{\pm}7.81g\;kg^{-1}$ in orchard soil, respectively. The SOCs of ultisols were $12.7{\pm}4.79g\;kg^{-1}$ in paddy field, $12.7{\pm}6.22g\;kg^{-1}$ in upland field, and $16.3{\pm}8.49g\;kg^{-1}$ in orchard soil, respectively. The fact that soils containing greater clay content in textual family had also more SOC content revealed that SOC could be also dependent on some soil properties as well as soil order. Because SOC differences among soil series representing same textual family were greater than those among textual family, SOC differences should be mainly affected by management practices such as compost application.

Keywords

Soil organic carbon (SOC);Soil order;Soil series;Textual family

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

References

  1. Armentano, T.V., E.S. Menges. 1986. Patterns of change in the carbon balance of organic soil-wetlands of the temperate zone. J. Ecology 74:755-774. https://doi.org/10.2307/2260396
  2. Bruce, J.P., M. Frome, E. Haites, H. Janzen, R. Lal, and K. Paustian. 1999. Carbon sequestration in soils. J. Soil and Water Conservation 54:382-389.
  3. Conant, R.T., K. Paustian, and E.T. Elliott. 2001. Grassland management and conversion into grassland: Effects on soil carbon. Ecological Application 11:343-355. https://doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2001)011[0343:GMACIG]2.0.CO;2
  4. IPCC. 2006. 2006 IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories -volume 4. Agriculture, forestry and other land use. pp. 2.28-2.40.
  5. Juarez, S., N. Nunan, A.C. Duday, V. Pouteau, and C. Chenu. 2013. Soil carbon mineralisation responses to alterations of microbial diversity and soil structure. Biology and Fertility of Soils 49(7):939-948. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-013-0784-8
  6. Kasimir-Klemedtsson, A., L. Klemedtsson, K. Berglund., P. Martikainen, J. Silvora, and O. Oenema. 1997. Greenhous gas emissions from farmed organic soils: a review. Soil Use and Management 13:245-250. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.1997.tb00595.x
  7. Leifeld, J., S. Bassin, and J. Fuhrer. 2005. Carbon stocks in Swiss agricultural soils predicted by land-use, soil characteristics, and altitude. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 105:255-266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2004.03.006
  8. Mann, L.K. 1896. Changes in soil carbon storage after cultivation. Soil Science 142:279-288.
  9. Mujuru, L., A. Mureva, E.J. Velthorst, and M.R. Hoosbeek.. 2013. Land use and management effects on soil organic matter fractions in Rhodic Ferralsols and Haplic Arenosols in Bindura and Shamva districts of Zimbabwe. Geoderma 209:262-272.
  10. NAAS. 2010. Methods of soil chemical analysis. National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA, Korea.
  11. NAAS. 2011. Soil classification and interpretation of Korean soil. National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA, Korea.
  12. Ogle, S.M., F.J. Breidt, and K. Paustian, 2005. Agricultural management impacts on soil organic carbon storage under moist and dry climatic conditions of temperate and tropical regions. Biogeochemistry 72:87-121. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10533-004-0360-2
  13. Paustian, K., O. Andren, H.H. Janzen, R. Lal, P. Smith, G. Tian, H. Tiessen, M. van Noordwijk, and P.L. Woomer. 1997. Agricultural soils as a sink to mitigate $CO_2$ emissions. Soil Use and Management 13:230-244. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.1997.tb00594.x

Cited by

  1. Chronological Changes of Soil Organic Carbon from 2003 to 2010 in Korea vol.47, pp.3, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7745/KJSSF.2014.47.3.205