A Comparative Study on Start-up and Normal Operation Data for Phosphorus Removal in WWTPs

인 처리시설 시운전 및 정상운전 자료 비교·분석 연구

  • Received : 2012.11.05
  • Accepted : 2013.02.13
  • Published : 2013.02.15


This study aimed to obtain quantitative data for WWTP operators in phosphorus removal process. This was done by reviewing and comparing phosphorus removal efficiency(%), coagulants dosage(Al/P and $Al_2O_3$(mg/L)), sludge production($kg/m^3$), and operation cost($won/m^3$) of start-up and normal operation data. Phosphorus removal efficiency of all tertiary treatment process was up to 70 ~ 89 % in start-up and normal operation. Average molar ratio(Al/P) was similar as 5 in both operations, but average coagulants dosage (mg/L) of start-up (8.5 mg/L) was higher than normal operation (6.2 mg/L). Average operation cost was higher for start-up ($33.6won/m^3$) than normal operation ($28.4won/m^3$), while electricity cost required for the normal operation ($9.0won/m^3$) was higher by $3.5won/m^3$.


Phosphorus removal process;Normal operation;Start-up operation;WWTPs


  1. Ministry of Environment (2011(b)) Statistics of Sewerage (하수도통계)
  2. Metcalf and Eddy (2004) Wastewater Engineering, Treatment and Reuse. 4th Ed. p.502, McGraw-Hill, Boston.
  3. Ministry of Environment (2009) Study on the Phosphorus Removal Reinforcement Pilot Project in WWTPs (하수처리시설 총인 처리강화 시범운영 연구)
  4. Minist ry of Environment (2011(a)) Guidebook on the Installation of Phosphorus Removal Facilities in WWTPs (하수처리장 인 처리시설 설치 가이드북)
  5. Ministry of Environment (2012(a)) Sewerage Act : Enforcement Regulations (하수도법 시행규칙)
  6. Ministry of Environment (2012(b)) Environment and Labor Committee : Parliamentary Inspection of the Administration (환경노동위원회 국정감사 업무보고) (2012.10.05)
  7. Park, H. Y., Park, S. M., Lee, K. C., Yu, S. J., Kwon, O. S., and Kim, S. J. (2011) Survey of Physicochemical Methods and Economic Analysis of Domestic Wastewater Treatment Plant for Advanced Treatment of Phosphorus Removal, Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, Vol.33, No.3, pp. 212-221
  8. Water Journal (2012) Forming Autonomous Councils by Designers of 15 Sewage Treatment Plants (15개 하수처리장 설계사, 자율협의체 결성) (2012.04.05)

Cited by

  1. Applicability of Aminated Poly-GMA as an Adsorbent for Phosphorus Removal in Sewage Treatment vol.40, pp.3, 2018,