티올화된 탄소나노튜브 전극을 이용한 카드뮴과 납의 전기화학적 분석

Electrochemical Evaluation of Cadmium and Lead by Thiolated Carbon Nanotube Electrodes

  • 양종원 (서울과학기술대학교 에너지환경대학원) ;
  • 김래현 (서울과학기술대학교 에너지환경대학원) ;
  • 권용재 (서울과학기술대학교 에너지환경대학원)
  • Yang, Jongwon (Graduate School of Energy and Environment, Seoul National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Lae-Hyun (Graduate School of Energy and Environment, Seoul National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kwon, Yongchai (Graduate School of Energy and Environment, Seoul National University of Science and Technology)
  • 발행 : 2013.10.31

초록

본 연구에서는 환경오염을 발생시키는 위험한 중금속 물질들인 카드뮴과 납의 검출 능력을 향상시키기 위해, 순수한 탄소나노튜브(p-CNT) 전극 및 티올화된 탄소나노튜브(t-CNT) 전극을 이용하여 카드뮴과 납 금속의 민감도를 평가하였다. 또한, 두 금속이 동시에 포함되어 있을 때의 상호작용 반응기작을 분석하였다. 이를 위해, 네모파 벗김전압전류법이 이용되었는데, 두 CNT 전극에서 모두 네모파 벗김전압전류법의 최적조건으로, 30 Hz의 주파수, -1.2 V vs. Ag/AgCl의 석출전위 및 300 s의 석출시간이 결정되었다. 민감도 측면에서 카드뮴과 납 모두 t-CNT 전극에서 p-CNT 전극보다 더 좋은 결과를 얻었다. 두 금속의 센서민감도를 각각 측정하였을 때, 카드뮴의 경우 p-CNT 및 t-CNT 전극에서 $3.1{\mu}A/{\mu}M$$4.6{\mu}A/{\mu}M$의 센서 민감도를 보였고, 납의 경우 p-CNT 및 t-CNT 전극에서 $6.5{\mu}A/{\mu}M$$9.9{\mu}A/{\mu}M$였다. p-CNT 전극에서 t-CNT 전극보다 센서민감도가 좋은 이유는, CNT에 티올기를 적용시키면서 금속이온의 반응속도가 증가되기 때문이다. 두 금속을 동시에 넣고 민감도를 측정할 경우, 전극에 관계없이 납의 센서민감도가 카드뮴의 센서 민감도보다 우수하였다. 납과 카드뮴 중 납의 센서 민감도가 우수한 이유는 납의 표준전극전위가 낮아 산화반응성이 우수하여 카드뮴보다 더 먼저 전극위에 석출되어, 벗김반응시에 표면에서 떨어져 나가기 쉽기 때문이다.

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