Progress of Nanofiltration Hollow Fiber Membrane

NF용 중공사 분리막의 발전

  • Jang, Hanna (Green Chemistry Division, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Kim, Seongjoong (Green Chemistry Division, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Lee, Yongtaek (Department of Chemical Engineering, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Kew-Ho (Green Chemistry Division, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology)
  • 장한나 (한국화학연구원 환경자원공정연구센터) ;
  • 김성중 (한국화학연구원 환경자원공정연구센터) ;
  • 이용택 (충남대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 이규호 (한국화학연구원 환경자원공정연구센터)
  • Published : 2013.10.31

Abstract

Hollow-fiber membranes, is one of the new technologies that is growing rapidly in the past few decades. In addition, separation membranes using polymer materials, have attracted attentions in various fields including gas separation, fuel cells, water treatment, wastewater treatment, and organic separation. Nanofiltration (NF) membranes having the separation characteristics in the intermediate range between ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes for liquid separation, with relatively low investment cost and operating pressure lower than that of RO membranes, have high permeance and rejection performance of multivalent ions as well as organic compounds of molecular weight between $200{\sim}1000gmol^{-1}$. In this paper, we would like to review the research trends on the various structure control and characterization of NF hollow fiber membranes with respect to materials and the methods of preparation (phase inversion method and interfacial polymerization method). Currently, most of NF membranes have been manufactured by plate and frame types or spiral wound types. But hollow fiber types have delayed in commercial products, because of the weak strength when to produce on the basis of the existing materials, therefore the development of new materials or improvement of existing materials will be needed. If improving manufacturing technology is available, hollow fiber types will replace spiral wound types and gradually show a higher market share.

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