The Oxidation Behavior of Sintered STS 316L at High-Temperature in the Air

STS 316L 소결체의 대기중 고온산화 거동

  • Kim, Hye Seong (School of Nano.Advanced Meterial Science & Engineering and LINC, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Lee, Jong Pil (School of Nano.Advanced Meterial Science & Engineering and LINC, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Park, Dong Kyu (School of Nano.Advanced Meterial Science & Engineering and LINC, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Ahn, In Shup (School of Nano.Advanced Meterial Science & Engineering and LINC, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 김혜성 (경상대학교 나노.신소재융합공학부 및 LINC사업단) ;
  • 이종필 (경상대학교 나노.신소재융합공학부 및 LINC사업단) ;
  • 박동규 (경상대학교 나노.신소재융합공학부 및 LINC사업단) ;
  • 안인섭 (경상대학교 나노.신소재융합공학부 및 LINC사업단)
  • Received : 2013.11.16
  • Accepted : 2013.12.17
  • Published : 2013.12.28


In this study, analysis on the oxidation behavior was conducted by a series of high-temperature oxidation tests at both $800^{\circ}C$, $900^{\circ}C$ and 1000 in the air with sintered STS 316L. The weight gain of each oxidized specimen was measured, the oxidized surface morphologies and composition of oxidation layer were analyzed with Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive x-ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), finally, the phase change and composition of the oxidized specimen were shown by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). As a result, the weight gain increased sharply at $1000^{\circ}C$ when oxidation test was conducted for 210 hours. Also, a plentiful of pores were observed in the surface oxidation layers at $900^{\circ}C$ for 210 hours. In addition, the following conclusions on oxidation behavior of sintered STS 316L can be obtained: $Cr_2O_3$ can be formed on pores by influxing oxygen through open-pores, $(Fe_{0.6}Cr_{0.4})_2O_3$ can be generated on the inner oxidation layer, and $Fe_2O_3$ was on the outer oxidation layer. Also, $NiFe_2O_4$ could be precipitated if the oxidation time was kept longer.


  1. A. V. C. Sobral and M. P. Hierro : Oxidation of injection molding 316L stainless steel at high temperature, Mater. Corros., 51 (2000) 791.<791::AID-MACO791>3.0.CO;2-1
  2. T. D. Nguyen and D. B. Lee: Oxidation of STS 304 Stainless Steel between 1050 and 1200 for 1 Hour in Air, J. Kor. Inst. Met. Mater., 47 (2009) 235-241.
  3. R. L. Sands and G. F. Bidmead: The Corrosion Resistance of Sintered Austenitic Stainless Steel, Mordern Develop. in Powder Met., 2 (1966) 73.
  4. N. Tosangthum and O. Coovatanachal: Density and Strength Improvement of Sintered 316L Stainlee Steel. Ching Mai. J. Sci., 33(1) (2006) 53-66.
  5. C. J. Wang and J. G. Duh: The effect of carbon on the high temperature oxidation of Fe-31 Mn-9Al-0.87 C alloy, J. Mater. Sci., 23 (1988) 3447.
  6. Y. Y. Lee, Y. H. Kim and Y. D. Lee: High temperature oxidation of 316L Stainless steel in Dry Oxygen Environments, Kor. J. Met. Mater., 32 (1994).
  7. G. C. Wood: The oxidation of iron-chromium alloys and stainless steels at high temperatures, Corrosion Sci., 2 (1962) 173.
  8. H. J. Yearian, H. Boren and R. Warr: Structure of Oxide Scales on Nickel-Chromium Steels, Corrosion, 12 (1956) 45.
  9. A. Bautista and F. Velasco: Oxidation Behavior at $900^{\circ}C$ of Austenitic, Ferritic, and Duplex Stainless Steels Manufactured By Powder Metallurgy, Oxidation of Metals, 59 (2003).
  10. D. B. Lee: Atmospheric Oxidation of Fe-16Cr-6Ni-6Mn- 1.7Mo Stainless Steel between 700 and 900, Kor. J. Met. Mater., 49 (2010) 153-160.
  11. H. J. Jang, K. S. Yun and C. J. Park: Analysis of the Effects of Ti, Si, and Mo on the Resistance to Corrosion and Oxidation of Fe-18Cr Stainless Steels by Response Surface Methodology, Kor. J. Met. Mater., 48 (2010) 741.
  12. I. S. Lee: Influence of Gas Composition and Treatment Time on the Surface Properties of AISI 316L Austenitic Stainless Steels During Low-Temperature Plasma Nitrocarburizing Treatment, Kor. J. Met. Mater., 47 (2009) 716.
  13. I. Y. Son and K. M. Kim: A Study on the formation of oxide scale on the stainless steels at high temperature, Jr. of the Korea Institute of Surface Eng., 27 (1994) 123.
  14. S. Y. Chen and S. L. Kuan: Effect of water vapor on annealing scale formation on 316 SS, Corros. Sci., 48 (2006) 634.

Cited by

  1. The Effect of Oxides Additives on Anti-corrosion Properties of Sintered 316L Stainless Steel vol.22, pp.4, 2015,
  2. The Effect of Oxide Compound on Electrical Resistivity and Oxidation Stability in High-temperature for Ferritic P/M Stainless Steel vol.23, pp.3, 2016,