DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Diets Based on Sugar Cane Treated with Calcium Oxide for Lambs

  • Carvalho, G.G.P. (Federal University of Bahia) ;
  • Garcia, R. (Federal University of Vicosa) ;
  • Pires, A.J.V. (Southwest State University of Bahia) ;
  • Silva, R.R. (Southwest State University of Bahia) ;
  • Detmann, E. (Federal University of Vicosa) ;
  • Filho, A. Eustaquio (Federal University of Bahia) ;
  • Ribeiro, L.S.O. (Southwest State University of Bahia) ;
  • Carvalho, L.M. (Federal University of Vicosa)
  • Received : 2012.09.15
  • Accepted : 2012.10.29
  • Published : 2013.02.01

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the intake, nutrient apparent digestibility and the effect of total collection days (two and four days) on apparent digestibility estimates for lambs fed diets containing sugar cane treated with calcium oxide (CaO). Eight Santa In$\hat{e}$s castrated male lambs with a $16.6{\pm}1.8$ kg body weight were used. The lambs were distributed in two $4{\times}4$ Latin squares, with four experimental periods of 14 d each. The animals were kept in 1.2 $m^2$ individual pens, and the intake and digestibility evaluations were performed during the last four days of each period. The diets were formulated to be isonitrogenous, containing 14% crude protein (CP), and presenting 70% sugar cane treated with 0, 0.75, 1.5 or 2.25% of CaO (as-fed basis), corrected with 1% urea, and 30% concentrate. The sugar cane with added CaO was chopped, treated, and offered to the animals after 24 h of storage. The sugar cane with CaO increased the DM, OM, CP, NDF, NDFap, TC, NFCap and TDN intake (kg/d), when compared to natural sugar cane, and produced the same intake expressed as a percentage of body weight (% BW). The NFCap digestibility of the CaO-treated sugar cane was inferior to the NFCap digestibility in natural sugar cane. There was a linear increase in the DM intake with the CaO-added sugar cane, but the DM and NDF digestibility and the TDN content decreased linearly. The chemical treatment of sugar cane with CaO increases the intake but does not improve the nutrient digestibility. Two days of total fecal collection were found to be sufficient to estimate the total apparent digestibility in lambs.

References

  1. Amaral, R. C. 2007. Evaluation of chemical additives on losses and alimentary value of sugar cane silage for sheep. Piracicaba: Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"/Universidade de Sao Paulo. p. 168.
  2. Andrade, J. B., E. Ferrari Júnior, R. A. Possentini, F. F. Leinz, D. Bianchini and C. F. C. Rodrigues. 2001. Nutritive value of sugarcane silage treated with levels of sodium hydroxide and ground corn ears. Brazilian J. Agric. Res. 36:1265-1268.
  3. Barbosa, A. M. 2005. Period of urine and feces collection for evaluation of creatinine excretion, microbial production and nutrients apparent digestibility in Nelore bovines. Vicosa: Universidade Federal de Vicosa.
  4. Campos, M. M. 2007. Valor nutritivo da cana de acucar adicionado ou nao com oxido de calcio com diferentes niveis de uréia em ovinos. p. 67. Dissertacao (Mestrado em Ciencia Animal) - Escola de Veterinaria da Universidade Federal de minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte.
  5. Carvalho, G. G. P., A. J. V. Pires, C. M. Veloso, A. F. Magalhaes, M. A. L. Freire, F. F. Silva, R. R. Silva and B. M. A. Carvalho. 2006. Nutritive value of sugarcane bagasse ammoniated with four urea doses. Brazilian J. Agric. Res. 41:125-132.
  6. Casali, A. O., E. Detmann, Valadares Filho, J. C. Pereira, L. T. Henriques, S. G. Freitas and M. F. Paulino. 2008. Influence of incubation time and particles size on indigestible compounds contents in cattle feeds and feces obtained by in situ procedures. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 37:335-342.
  7. Cavali, J. 2006. Sugar cane ensiled with calcium oxide, elephant-grass or bacterial inoculant. Vicosa: Universidade Federal de Vicosa.
  8. Costa, R. G., R. C. R. E. Queiroga and R. A. G. Pereira. 2009. Influence of feed on the production on quality of goat milk. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 38:307-321.
  9. Ezequiel, J. M. B., M. A. A. Queiroz, R. L. Galati, A. R. Mendes, E. M. O. Pereira, C. Faturi, V. F. Nascimento Filho and J. V. Feitosa. 2005. Effects of Sugar Cane Processing on Digestibility, Intake and Rate of Passage. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 34:1704-1710.
  10. Fernandes, A. R. M., A. A. M. Sampaio, W. Henrique, E. A. Oliveira, R. V. Oliveira and F. R. Leonel. 2009. Fatty acids composition and meat quality of Nellore and Canchim young bulls fed sugar cane-based diets with two concentrate levels. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 38:328-337.
  11. Hall, M. B. 2003. Challenges with non-fiber carbohydrate methods. J. Anim. Sci. 81:3226-3232.
  12. IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica). 2008. Avaiable at: http://www.ibge.gov.br Acessed on : Apr. 24, 2009.
  13. Landell, M. G. A., M. P. Campana, A. A. Rodrigues, G. M. da Cruz, L. A. R. Batista, P. Figueiredo, M. A. de Silva, M. A. P. Bidoia, R. Rossetto, A. L. M. Martins, P. B. Gallo, R. A. D. Kanthack, J. C. Cavichioli, A. C. M. de Vasconcelos and M. A. Xavier. 2002. A variedade IAC86-2480 como nova opcao de cana-de-acucar para fins forrageiros: Manejo de producao e uso na alimentacao animal. Campinas: Instituto Agronomico - IAC, p. 38. (Boletim Tecnico 193).
  14. Licitra, G., T. M. Hernandez and P. J. Van Soest. 1996. Standardization of procedures for nitrogen fracionation of ruminant feeds. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 57:347-358. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(95)00837-3
  15. Magalhaes, K. A. 2007. Tabelas brasileiras de composicao de alimentos, determinacao e estimativa de valor energetico dos alimentos para ruminantes. Vicosa: Universidade Federal de Vicosa. p. 263. Tese (Doutorado em Zootecnia). Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Vicosa.
  16. Mertens, D. R. 2002. Gravimetric determination of amylase-treated neutral detergent fiber in feeds with refluxing in beakers or crucibles: collaborative study. J. AOAC Int. 85: 1217-1240.
  17. Moraes, K. A. K de. 2006. Performance of beef heifers fed with sugar cane treated with calcium oxide and different concentrate levels. Vicosa: Universidade Federal de Vicosa, 2006.
  18. NRC (National Research Council). 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 7 ed. Washington: National Academy Press. p. 381.
  19. NRC (National Research Council). 2006. Nutrient requirements of small ruminants. 1 ed. Washington: National Academy Press. p. 362.
  20. Nussio, L. G., P. Schimdt and A. F. Pedroso. 2003. Sugar cane silage. In: Simposio de forragicultura e pastagens: temas em evidencia - Sustentabilidade, 2003, Lavras. Anais... Lavras: Universidade Federal de Lavras, p. 49-74.
  21. Oliveira, E. A., A. A. M. Sampaio, A. R. M. Fernandes, W. Wignez Henrique, R. V. Oliveira and G. M. Ribeiro. 2009. Performance and carcass traits of Nellore and Canchim young bulls finished in a feedlot system, receiving diets with sugarcane and two concentrate levels. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 38:2465-2472.
  22. Oliveira, M. D. S., A. T. Andrade, J. C. Barbosa, T. M. Silva, A. R. M. Fernandes, E. Caldeirao and A. Carabolante. 2007. Digestibility of sugarcane hidrolysed, in natura and ensilge for bovines. Brazilian Anim. Sci. 8:41-50.
  23. Oliveira, M. D. S., M. A. A. Queiroz, E. Caldeirao, V. Bett and G. M. Ribeiro. 2002. Effect of sodium hidroxide treatment on in vitro digestibility of dry matter of sugarcane. Ars Veterinaria, 18:167-173.
  24. Pessoa, R. A. S., M. I. Leao, M. A. Ferreira, S. C. Valadares Filho, R. F. D. Valadares and A. C. Queiroz. 2009. Nitrogenous compounds balance and microbial protein production in crossbred heifers fed forage cactus, sugar cane bagasse and urea associated to different supplements. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 38:941-947.
  25. Pinto, A. P., J. J. S. Abrahao, J. A. Marques, W. G. Nascimento, D. Perotto and S. M. B. Lugao. 2010. Performance and carcass characteristics of crossbred young bulls finished in a feedlot on diets with sorghum silage substituted by sugar cane. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 39:198-203.
  26. Pinto, A. P., W. G. Nascimento, J. J. S. Abrahao, D. Perotto, J. L. Moletta and S. M. B. Lugao. 2009. Digestibility, intake, performance and carcass characteristics of young crossbred bulls in feedlot with sugar cane or sorghum silage. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 38:2258-2263.
  27. Pires, A. J. V., R. Garcia, S. C. Valadares Filho, O. G. Pereira, P. R. Cecon, F. F. Silva, P. A. Silva and C. M. Veloso. 2004. Diets with of sugarcane bagasse treated with anhydrous ammonia and/or sodium sulfate fed heifers. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 33:1078-1085.
  28. Pires, A. J. V., R. A. Reis, G. G. P. Carvalho, G. R. Siqueira and T. F. Bernardes. 2006. Sugarcane bagasse treated sodium hydroxide. Braz. J. Anim. Sci. 35:953-957.
  29. Pontes, R. A. M. 2007. Sugar cane in natura or ensiled with calcium oxide and urea in ovine diets. Vicosa: Universidade Federal de Vicosa.
  30. Prado, I. N. and F. B. Moreira. 2002. Suplementacao de pastagem de gado e alimentos para animais utilizados em bovinos. EDUEM, UEM. Maringa: Universidade Estadual de Maringa.p. 162.
  31. Ribeiro Jr, J. I. 2001. Statistical analysis in SAEG (System for statistical analysis). Vicosa, MG: UFV.
  32. SAS. 1999. Statistical analysis system, user's guide statistics. 8th Ed. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, USA, p. 956.
  33. Silva, D. J. and A. C. Queiroz. 2002. Analise de alimentos: metodos quimicos e biologicos. Vicosa: Universidade Federal de Vicosa.
  34. Sniffen, C. J., J. D. O'Connor, P. J. Van Soest, D. G. Fox and J. B. Russell. 1992. A net carbohydrate and protein system for evaluating cattle diets: carbohydrate and protein availability. J. Anim. Sci. 70:3562-3577.
  35. Souza, A. L., R. Garcia, O. G. Pereira, P. R. Cecon, A. V. Pires and D. R. S. Loures. 2002. Valor nutritivo da casca de cafe tratada com amônia anidra. Revista Ceres, v.49, p. 669-681.
  36. Weiss, W. P. 1999. Energy prediction equations for ruminant feeds. In: Cornell nutrition conference for feed manufacturers, 61., 1999, Ithaca. Proceedings… Ithaca: Cornell University. p. 176-185.

Cited by

  1. Chemical composition and dry matter digestibility of sugar cane oxide treated with calcium vol.66, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-41625930
  2. Effect of treating sugarcane bagasse with urea and calcium hydroxide on feed intake, digestibility, and rumen fermentation in beef cattle vol.48, pp.6, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1061-2
  3. Intake and ingestive behavior in lambs fed low-digestibility forages vol.48, pp.7, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1090-x