- Volume 11 Issue 12
DOI QR Code
Explore Career Development of Female Recently Obtained Doctoral Degree in Education
신규 여성 박사들의 경력개발에 관한 탐색적 연구 -교육계열 전공자를 중심으로
- Kim, Hyosun (Dept. of International Office Administration, College of Business, Ewha Womans University)
- 김효선 (이화여자대학교 경영대학 국제사무학과)
- Received : 2013.10.05
- Accepted : 2013.12.20
- Published : 2013.12.28
The purpose of the present study is to explore the career development barriers of female doctoral degree holders in education. The study occupied in-depth interview with 42 female doctoral degree holders in education. The results were as followed; First, academic advisor highly influenced the career development female doctoral degree holders through their academic activities. Second, they had experiences regarding glass ceiling effect in workplace. Third, marriage was a critical issue for both of the married and single female doctoral degree holders. Fourth, family and relatives' support positively impact on their career will, and also their strong career goal was beneficial way to break their career barriers. Also, the study suggested contextural factor was very significant on career behavior of female doctoral degree holders. Therefore, policy maker, scholars, and students should have strong attention to female students' career guidance and development in various way. The results of the study discussed in relation to the existing literature, with reference to women's career development and career barriers, and then implication for the future research were suggested.
Highly Educated Female;Career Value;Career Development of Women;Career Barriers of Women;Female workforce policy
- H. W., Ko, An analysis of labour participation status of Korean highly-educated women. Women Human Resource Research, Vol. 2, pp. 35-70, 2008.
- S. Kawk, Research methods on female adult education. The Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 323-340, 1999.
- Y. Kim, Need analysis for the career building and reemployment plans of career interrupted, Highly Educated Women. Women's Studies Forum, Vol. 73, pp. 85-118, 2007.
- Y. S., Kim, Patriarchal construction and aspects of Korean colonial modernity seen through discourses on marriage and family. Women & History, Vol. 13, pp. 131-172, 2010.
- J. Kim & H. Chun, The career development of high degreed working women. The Journal of Humanities, Vo. 11, no. 2, 283-301, 2006.
- J. Kim & K. Kim, Experiences of female doctorate holders in the faculty job market and strategies to address the obstacles . The Journal of Sociology of Education, Vol. 13, no. 3 pp. 109-132, 2003.
- S. H. Son & Y. M. Lee, The phenomenological study Of middle and small firm human resource development managers' perception on reemployment of college degree earned women experiencing career discontinuity. Journal of Human Resource Management Research, Vol. 16, no.4, pp. 121-139, 2009.
- H. Song, Introductory of female education. Seoul: Kyoyookbook, 2009.
- S. Shin, J., Kim, & H. Lim, Mismatch among female Ph.D. holders. Korea Institute for Women Development, 2010.
- S. Ho & M. Moon, Comprehensive management strategies on government. Ministry of Gender Equality & Family, 2009.
- S. Lee, M. Jin, Y. Lee, An analysis on Korean women's U.S. Ph.D. degree-seeking process and career development in the field of science and engineering. Korean Science Education Research, Vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 395-408, 2008.
- I. Lee, I., Kang, & Y. Cho, A study on effective reemployment policy support of highly-educated career-interrupted women for the companies of Seoul metropolitan government. National Policy Research, Vol. 26, no.1, pp. 127-157, 2012.
- J. Lim, The effects of women's investment in higher education on their labor income. Ph.D. dissertation, Yonsei University, 2010.
- T. J. Sung and K. Si, Research methods. Seoul, Hakjisa, 2010.
- M. Chin, S. Lee, H. Yoon, N. Kim, & H. Oh, Understanding Korean brain drain by comparison of employment situation between returned Ph.Ds and non-returned Ph.Ds with US higher Education degree in science and engineer. KRIVET, 2006.
- Y. Choi & K. Kim, Concept mapping the highly educated and married women's experience on crisis of career interruption -for comparing career women with housewives had experienced career interruption-. Korean Journal of Counseling, Vol. 8, no. 3, 1031-1045, 2007. https://doi.org/10.15703/kjc.8.3.200709.1031
- KEDI(2000). Annual Statistics of Education. http://cesi.kedi.re.kr/
- KEDI(2005). Annual Statistics of Education. http://cesi.kedi.re.kr/
- KEDI(2010). Annual Statistics of Education. http://cesi.kedi.re.kr/
- KEDI(2011). Annual Statistics of Education. http://cesi.kedi.re.kr/
- KEDI(2012). Annual Statistics of Education. http://cesi.kedi.re.kr/
- A. Autin, Preparing the next generation of faculty. The Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 73, no.1, pp. 94-122, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhe.2002.0001
- O. Bain & W. Cummings, Organizational, and institutional barriers to the career advancement of academic women, Comparative Education, Vol., 44, no. 4, pp. 493-513, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1086/447631
- P. Bronstein & L. Black, Stepping onto the academic career ladder: how are women doing. Women's career development. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1986.
- I. Gilberr, & I. Kearney, Sex, gender, and dual-learner families: implication and applications for career counseling for women. In Walsh & Hepper(Ed.) Handbook of career counseling for women. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 2006.
- C. Hasse, Gender diversity in play with physics: the problem of premises for participation in activities. Mind, Culture, and Activity, Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 250-269, 2009.
- H. Hatchell, & N. Aveling, Those same old prejudices. gendered experiences in the science workplace. Journal of Workplace Rights, Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 355-375, 2008. https://doi.org/10.2190/WR.13.4.b
- R. Lent, S. Brown, J. Schmidt, B. Brenner, H. Lyons, & D. Treistman, Relation of contextual supports and barriers to choice behavior in engineering majors: Test of alternative social cognitive models. Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 458-465. doi: 10.1037/0022-022.214.171.1248, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0126.96.36.1998
- C. Morgan, D. Isaac, & C. Sansone, The role of interest in understanding the career choices of female and male college students. Sex Roles, Vol. 44, pp. 295-320, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010929600004
- D. Neumark & R. Gardecki, Women helping women. role model and mentoring effects on female Ph.D. students in economics. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1996.
- OECD, Education at a glance 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2013-en, 2013
- E. Yeagley, L. Subich, & D. Tokar, Modeling college women's perceptions of elite leadership positions with Social Cognitive Career Theory. Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 30-38, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2010.02.003
- A. Zalevski & L. Swiszczowski, Gender and attitudes to enterprise: survey of UK doctorate students in science, engineering and technology. Equal Opportunities International, Vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 65-79, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1108/02610150910933640
- H. Yoon, An analysis on vocational exploration experiences of highly educated middle-aged women with discontinued employment. Journal of Lifelong Education, Vol. 14, no. 1, 83-112, 2008.
- S. Chung & S. Ahn, The development and effectiveness of the program to assist highly-educated reentry women to labor market. Andragogy Today, Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 25-46, 2007.
- E. Cook, P. Hepper, & O'Brien, Career development of women of color and white women: assumptions, conceptualization, and interventions from an ecological perspective. The Career Development Quarterly, Vol. 50, pp. 291-305, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-0045.2002.tb00574.x
- Lent (2005). A social cognitive view of career development and counseling. Career development and counseling(Brown, S. D. & Lent, R. W. Ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005.
- W. Mau, & L. Bikos,. Educational and vocational aspirations of minority and female students: a longitudinal study. Journal of Counseling & Development, Vol. 78, pp. 186-194, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb02577.x
- OECD, Gender and sustainable development: maximising the economic, social and environmental role of women. http://www.oecd.org/social/40881538.pdf, 2008.
- C. Seierstad, & G. Healy, Women's equality in the Scandinavian academy: a distant dream. Work Employment & Society, Vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 296-313, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017011432918