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Relationship Between Oral Contraceptive Use and Periodontal Disease in Korean Women

제4기 국민건강영양조사 자료에 근거한 한국 여성의 경구피임약 복용과 치주질환의 관련성

  • Kim, Ki-Rim (Oral Cancer Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Dentistry) ;
  • Noh, Hie-Jin (Department of Dental Hygiene, Kangwon National University College of Health Science)
  • 김기림 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강종양연구소) ;
  • 노희진 (강원대학교 보건과학대학 치위생학과)
  • Received : 2013.10.24
  • Accepted : 2013.12.20
  • Published : 2013.12.28

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the influence of oral contraceptive(OC) on periodontal disease. Research data was used the results derived from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES), and 1,101 Korean women, aged 19 to 50 years with non-pregnant and premenopausal, were selected. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were performed to identify the relationship between OC use and periodontal disease, according to factors of demographic and socioeconomic, oral health behavior, OC use period, and periodontal status. In the results, OC use was statistically related with age, marital status and smoking. No significant differences were found in between the gingival condition and current OC use. The prevalence of periodontal disease increased with age, but did not have significant correlations with period of OC usage, smoking and oral health behavior. Final analysis was indicated that OC use is not associated with periodontal disease, regardless of adjustment for confounding variables.

Keywords

Oral contraceptive;Periodontal disease;Korean women;Socioeconomic status;Oral health behavior

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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