주요 선진국의 군 건강관련 조사 실태 및 특성: 미국, 호주, 캐나다를 중심으로

Current State and Characteristics of Military Survey in Developed Countries: Focused on the Surveys of United States, Australia, and Canada

  • 김미선 (고려대학교 일반대학원 보건과학과) ;
  • 손민성 (고려대학교 일반대학원 보건과학과) ;
  • 최만규 (고려대학교 일반대학원 보건과학과)
  • Kim, Mi-Sun (Dept. of Health Science, Graduate School of Korea University) ;
  • Sohn, Minsung (Dept. of Health Science, Graduate School of Korea University) ;
  • Choi, Mankyu (Dept. of Health Science, Graduate School of Korea University)
  • 투고 : 2013.10.10
  • 심사 : 2013.12.20
  • 발행 : 2013.12.28


본 연구는 주요 선진국의 군인 건강조사 실태 및 특징을 살펴보고, 우리나라 군인 건강조사의 나아갈 방향을 제시하는 것이다. 이를 위해 군인 건강조사를 실시하고 있는 미국, 호주, 캐나다의 군인 건강조사 현황을 파악하였다. 구체적으로 건강조사의 배경, 목적, 대상, 참가인원 수, 방법, 내용, 관련기관, 주기 등을 심층 고찰하였다. 고찰결과 주요 선진국의 군 건강 설문조사의 특징은 다음과 같다. 첫째, 군인 건강조사는 건강 위험요인을 줄이는 방향으로 단계적으로 발전해왔다. 둘째, 정신건강에 대한 관심과 중요성이 강조되고 있다. 셋째, 외국의 군 건강조사는 정부의 협력뿐만 아니라 전문조사기관이나 대학과의 협력을 통해 데이터 수집 및 분석에서 익명성과 전문성을 보장하고 있다. 마지막으로, 제도화를 통해 건강 설문조사를 정기적으로 시행하고 있다는 것이다. 앞으로 군 보건의료 관계자뿐만 아니라 국가적 차원에서 군 건강조사에 대한 필요성과 중요성을 인식하고 법적, 제도적 환경을 구축하는 것이 중요하다 하겠다.


연구 과제 주관 기관 : 국군의학연구소


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