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Current State and Characteristics of Military Survey in Developed Countries: Focused on the Surveys of United States, Australia, and Canada

주요 선진국의 군 건강관련 조사 실태 및 특성: 미국, 호주, 캐나다를 중심으로

  • Kim, Mi-Sun (Dept. of Health Science, Graduate School of Korea University) ;
  • Sohn, Minsung (Dept. of Health Science, Graduate School of Korea University) ;
  • Choi, Mankyu (Dept. of Health Science, Graduate School of Korea University)
  • 김미선 (고려대학교 일반대학원 보건과학과) ;
  • 손민성 (고려대학교 일반대학원 보건과학과) ;
  • 최만규 (고려대학교 일반대학원 보건과학과)
  • Received : 2013.10.10
  • Accepted : 2013.12.20
  • Published : 2013.12.28

Abstract

This study examines implications for the Korean military health survey from literature review on foreign military health surveys. The authors discuss backgrounds, objectives, participants, methods, contents, organizations involved, and cycles of foreign military health surveys from literature review from peer-reviewed journals as well as reports and documents collected from web-sites of governmental organizations. Common and distinguishing characteristics were found from foreign military health surveys. First, the military health surveys have evolved in phases in the direction of reducing health risk factors. Second, the importance of mental health is being emphasized. Third, cooperations and collaborations of governments, universities, and professional agencies are important in order to ensure anonymity and expertise on data collection and analysis. Finally, health surveys are conducted on a regular basis through institutionalization. To monitor and to promote health of military personnel, it is critical for Korea to establish the legal and institutional environment and to recognize the importance as well as the need of military health surveys at the national level.

Keywords

Health survey;Health promotion;Military personnel;the United States;Australia;Canada

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국군의학연구소

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