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The Effects on Aromatherapy and Foot Reflex Massage on the Cognition, Anxiety, Aggressive Behavior and Wandering Behavior of Elderly with Dementia

향요법 발반사 마사지가 치매노인의 인지, 불안, 공격행동 및 배회행동에 미치는 효과

  • Received : 2013.11.22
  • Accepted : 2013.12.20
  • Published : 2013.12.28

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the effects of aromatherapy and a foot reflex massage program on the cognition, anxiety, aggressive behavior, and wandering behavior of elderly with dementia. The research design was a non-equivalent control group, quasi-experimental study where 43 subjects were divided into two groups. Aromatherapy and foot reflex massage was administered to the experimental group (N=21), and no treatment was administered to the control group (N=22). The data was analyzed using the ${\chi}^2$-test, t-test, while the repeated measures of ANOVA were utilized with the SPSS/Win 18.0 program. The experimental group did not show significant differences in cognitive function; however, it showed significant differences in anxiety, aggressive behavior, and wandering behavior in relation to the control group. Thus this research suggests aromatherapy and a foot reflex massage program as nursing intervention to improve the quality of life of elderly with dementia.

Keywords

Aromatherapy;Foot reflex;Massage;Cognition;Anxiety

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