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Effect of Seleniferous Whole Crop Barley Silage on Growth Performance, Blood and Carcass Characteristics, and Tissue Selenium Deposition in Finishing Hanwoo Steers

셀레늄 강화 청보리 사일리지 급여가 비육기 거세한우의 생산성, 혈액성상 및 도체특성과 조직 내 셀레늄 축적에 미치는 영향

  • 황보순 (대구대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 조익환 (대구대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 김국원 (대구대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 최창원 (대구대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 이성훈 (경상남도 축산진흥연구소)
  • Received : 2013.08.17
  • Accepted : 2013.11.25
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding seleniferous whole crop barley silage (WCBS) on the growth performance, blood and carcass characteristics, and tissue selenium deposition infinishing Hanwoo steers. A total of 20 growing Hanwoo steers were selected and assigned to one of the following feed groups: control (0.1 ppm Se), T1 (0.3 ppm Se), T2 (0.9 ppm Se), and T3 (0.9 ppm of inorganic Se). Five steers were allocated to each treatment group, and the trial lasted for 90 days. All experimental diets combined seleniferous and/or non-seleniferous WCBS up to a ratio of 30%. For the T3 diet, 0.9 ppm Se in the form of sodium selenite was added to the control diet. Dietary level and type of selenium did not affect feed intake and body weight gain. Blood total lipid and triglyceride concentrations were significantly (p<0.05) lower in the T2 group than in control. Blood immunoglobulin G concentration increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing levels of dietary selenium; concentrations were significantly (p<0.05) higher in T2 and T3 than in control. Blood selenium concentration was the highest (p<0.05) in T2. No significant difference was observed in dressing rate, ribeye area, marbling score, meat color and fat color. Further, no association was found between levels and chemical form of dietary selenium and quality and quantity of meat. To the contrary, tissue selenium content in kidney, liver, and hind leg increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing levels of selenium; however, feeding inorganic selenium did not introduce a significant increase in tissue selenium content of finishing Hanwoo steers. The results indicated that the selenium present in seleniferous WCBS was an effectively absorbable selenium source, suitable for increasing tissue selenium content in beef. Approximately 100 g of hind leg muscle from steers fed on the T2 diet met approximately 69% of the recommended daily selenium requirements.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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