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Association of Nutritional Status with Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors

  • Mohammadi, Shooka (Dietetics and Nutritional Sciences Programmes, School of Healthcare Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia) ;
  • Sulaiman, Suhaina (Dietetics and Nutritional Sciences Programmes, School of Healthcare Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia) ;
  • Koon, Poh Bee (Dietetics and Nutritional Sciences Programmes, School of Healthcare Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia) ;
  • Amani, Reza (Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Para Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Hosseini, Seyed Mohammad (Department of Radiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Nutritional status and dietary intake play a significant role in the prognosis of breast cancer and may modify the progression of disease. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of nutritional status on the quality of life of Iranian breast cancer survivors. Cross-sectional data were collected for 100 Iranian breast cancer survivors, aged 32 to 61 years, attending the oncology outpatient clinic at Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran. Nutritional status of subjects was assessed by anthropometric measurements, Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) and three non-consecutive 24-hour diet recalls. The European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life form (EORTC QLQ-C30) was used to assess quality of life. Ninety-four percent of the survivors were well-nourished, 6% were moderately malnourished or suspected of being malnourished while none were severely malnourished. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was 86%. Overall, participants had an inadequate intake of vitamin D, E, iron and magnesium according to dietary reference intake (DRI) recommendations. Survivors with better nutritional status had better functioning scales and experienced fewer clinical symptoms. It appears important to provide educational and nutritional screening programs to improve cancer survivor quality of life.

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