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Prevalence, Awareness, Control, and Treatment of Hypertension and Diabetes in Korean Cancer Survivors: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Fourth and Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys

  • Choi, Kyung-Hyun (Center for Health Promotion and Cancer Prevention, Dongnam Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences) ;
  • Park, Sang Min (Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Kiheon (JW LEE Center for Global Medicine and Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Seoul National University Bundang Hospital) ;
  • Kim, Kyae Hyung (Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital) ;
  • Park, Joo-Sung (Department of Family Medicine, Dong-A University College of Medicine) ;
  • Han, Seong Ho (Department of Family Medicine, Dong-A University College of Medicine)
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Background: Management of hypertension and diabetes in cancer survivors is an important issue; however, not much is known about the level of management of such chronic disease in Korea. This study therefore assessed the prevalence, awareness, control, and treatment of hypertension and diabetes in Korean cancer survivors compared to non-cancer survivors. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed, wherein data were obtained from standardized questionnaires completed by 943 cancer survivors and 41,233 non-cancer survivors who participated in the Fourth and Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2007-2011). We calculated adjusted proportions for prevalence and management of hypertension and diabetes in non-cancer survivors and cancer survivors. We also assessed the associated factors with prevalence and management of cancer survivors. Results: Cancer survivors are more likely than the general population to have higher prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension. However, diabetic management was not significantly higher in cancer survivors than in non-cancer survivors, despite their having a higher prevalence. Several factors, such as, age, drinking, years since cancer diagnosis, self-perceived health status, and specific cancer types were found to affect to management of hypertension and diabetes. Conclusions: These data suggest that cancer survivors appear to be better than non-cancer survivors at management of hypertension, but not diabetes. There is a need for healthcare providers to recognize the importance of long-term chronic disease management for cancer survivors and for the care model to be shared between primary care physicians and oncologists.

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