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Perioperative Comprehensive Supportive Care Interventions for Chinese Patients with Esophageal Carcinoma: a Prospective Study

  • Zhang, Xiao-Dan (Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University) ;
  • Zhao, Qing-Yu (Intensive Care Unit, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University) ;
  • Fang, Yi (Intensive Care Unit, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University) ;
  • Chen, Guan-Xuan (Intensive Care Unit, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University) ;
  • Zhang, Hui-Fang (Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University) ;
  • Zhang, Wen-Xiao (Intensive Care Unit, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University) ;
  • Yang, Xiao-Ping (Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University)
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effects of perioperative comprehensive supportive care interventions on outcome of Chinese esophageal cancer patients in a prospective study. Methods: 60 patients with primary esophageal carcinoma were randomized into an intervention group (IG, n=31) and a control group (CG, n=29). The Chinese version of symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90) was adopted to assess their psychological status. The interventions, including health education, psychological support, stress management, coping strategies and behavior training, were carried out in 3 phases (preoperative, postoperative I and postoperative II), and psychological effects were thereafter evaluated accordingly before surgery, and 1 week, 4 weeks and 24 weeks post-surgery. Medical costs were estimated at discharge. Survival of patients was estimated each year post-surgery. General health status and satisfaction-with-hospital were surveyed by a follow-up questionnaire 4 years post-surgery. Results: All the subjects demonstrated higher scores in the preoperative phase than the normal range of Chinese population concerning 7 psychological domains including somatization, obsessive-compulsive, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety and paranoid ideation. Although no significant difference was observed between the two groups at admission, the scores of IG, which tended to decrease at a faster rate, were generally lower than those of CG at weeks 1, 4 and 24 post-surgery. The length of hospital stay and medical costs of IG were significantly less than those of CG and satisfaction-with-hospital was better. However, there was no significant difference in 4-year survival or health status between two groups. Conclusions: Appropriate perioperative comprehensive supportive care interventions help to improve the psychological state of Chinese patients with esophageal carcinoma, to reduce health care costs and to promote satisfaction of patients and their families with hospital.

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