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Glutathione-S-transferase (GSTM1, GSTT1) Null Phenotypes and Risk of Lung Cancer in a Korean Population

  • Piao, Jin-Mei (Department of Public Health, Qingdao University Medical College) ;
  • Shin, Min-Ho (Department of Preventive Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Hee Nam (Center for Creative Biomedical Scientists, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Cui, Lian-Hua (Department of Public Health, Qingdao University Medical College) ;
  • Song, Hye-Rim (Department of Preventive Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kweon, Sun-Seog (Department of Preventive Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Choi, Jin-Su (Department of Preventive Medicine, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Young-Chul (Lung and Esophageal Cancer Clinic, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun Hospital) ;
  • Oh, In-Jae (Lung and Esophageal Cancer Clinic, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun Hospital) ;
  • Kim, Kyu-Sik (Lung and Esophageal Cancer Clinic, Chonnam National University Medical School, Hwasun Hospital)
  • Published : 2013.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate any association of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes with the risk of lung cancer in a South Korean population. Methods: We conducted a large-scale, population-based case-control study including 3,933 lung cancer cases and 1,699 controls. Genotypes of GSTM1 and GSTT1 were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: In logistic regression analysis adjusted for age and smoking, we did not find any association between GSTM1 or GSTT1 and LC risk in women. However, in men, the GSTM1 and GSTTI null genotypes were borderline associated with risk (OR=1.18, 95% CI=0.99-1.41 for GSTM1, OR=1.18, 95% CI=0.99-1.41 for GSTT1), and combined GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes conferred an increased risk for LC in men (OR=1.39, 95% CI=1.08-1.78). The OR for the GSTT1 null genotype was greater in subjects aged 55 years old or younger (OR=1.45, 95% CI=1.09-1.92 for men; OR=1.36, 95% CI=0.97-1.90 for women), than in those over age 55 (OR=1.03, 95% CI=0.83-1.27 for men; OR=0.86, 95% CI=0.66-1.12 for women) in both genders (p for interaction <0.05). Conclusions: In the Korean population, the GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes are risk factors for LC in men; the GSTT1 null genotype has a more prominent effect on LC risk in younger people (age 55 years and under) than in older individuals.

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