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Human Papillomavirus Genotypes and Cervical Cancer in Northeast Thailand

  • Natphopsuk, Sitakan (Department of Physiology, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Settheetham-Ishida, Wannapa (Department of Physiology, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Pientong, Chamsai (Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Sinawat, Supat (Department of Physiology, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Yuenyao, Pissamai (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Surin Hospital) ;
  • Ishida, Takafumi (Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo) ;
  • Settheetham, Dariwan (Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University)
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major cause of cervical cancer. More than 100 HPV genotypes have been identified; however the distribution varies geographically and according to ethnicity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and distribution of HPV subtypes among Northeast Thai women. Subjects included 198 cases of SCCA and 198 age-matched, healthy controls. HPV-DNA was amplified by PCR using the consensus primers GP5+/6+ system followed by reverse line blot hybridization genotyping. The prevalence of high-risk HPV infection was 21 (10.1%) and 152 (76.8%) in the controls and in the cases, respectively. High-risk HPV significantly increased the risk for cervical cancer with an OR of 42.4 (95%CI: 22.4-81.4, p<0.001) and an adjusted OR of 40.7-fold (95%CI: 21.5-76.8, p <0.001). HPV-16 was the most prevalent HPV type in the SCCA (56.2%) followed by HPV-58 (17.8%) and HPV-18 (13.6%); whereas HPV-58 (46.4%) was a prominent genotype in the controls followed by HPV-16 (39.3%) and unidentified HPV types (25.0%). These findings indicate that HPV infection remains a critical risk factor for SCCA; particularly, HPV-16, HPV-58 and HPV-18. In order to eradicate cervical cancer, sustained health education, promoted use of prophylactics and a HPV-58 vaccine should be introduced in this region.

Keywords

Cervical cancer;HPV genotype;HPV prevalence;Northeast Thailand

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