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Lack of Influence of Pregnancy on the Prognosis of Survivors of Thyroid Cancer

  • Budak, Adnan (Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics) ;
  • Gulhan, Ibrahim (Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics) ;
  • Aldemir, Onur Suleyman (Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics) ;
  • Ileri, Alper (Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics) ;
  • Tekin, Emine (Ege University, Department of Nuclear Medicine) ;
  • Ozeren, Mehmet (Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of pregnancy on prognosis of thyroid cancer. Methods: A total of 72 patients aged between 15-45 years who underwent total or subtotal thyroidectomy and subsequently radioablation were followed up under suppression. Individuals who had term pregnancies after diagnosis of cancer (group 1, n: 36) and who were non-pregnant (group 2, n:36) were included in the study. Both groups were compared in terms of scintigraphic relapse and metastasis, ultrasonographic relapse, stage change of lympadenopathy at the beginning and at the end of the study. Results: Relapse was detected in 4 out of 36 pregnant patients (11.1%) and in 5 out of 36 non-pregnant patients (13.9%) with no significant difference between groups (p=1.00). Pathologic lymphadenopathy was detected in 2 out of 36 pregnant patients (5.6%) and in 2 out of 36 non-pregnant patients (5.6%) (p=1.00), and metastasis in 3 (8.3%) and in 1 (2.8%), respectively (p=0.61). While stage change was detected in only one pregnant patient (2.8%), and none of the non-pregnant again there was no significant difference (p=1.00). Conclusions: We conclude that pregnancy does not have an influence on prognosis of thyroid cancer.

Keywords

Pregnancy;thyroid cancer;prognosis

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