DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

General Workers Living with Younger Children in Fukushima Performed more Preventive Behavior against Radiation during and after the Nuclear Disaster

  • Kanda, Hideyuki (Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yokohama City University) ;
  • Sugaya, Nagisa (Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yokohama City University) ;
  • Takahashi, Kenzo (Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yokohama City University) ;
  • Mizushima, Shunsaku (Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yokohama City University) ;
  • Koyama, Kikuo (Fukushima Occupational Health Promotion Center)
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

Background: During and after the Fukushima nuclear disaster (FND), many parents were concerned about the effects of radiation on the health of their children. Purpose: To clarify the factors that influenced general workers living with children and the effect of child age groups in implementing preventive behaviorsagainst radiation following the FND. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study of preventive behaviors among general workers was carried out 3-5 months after the nuclear disaster. The subjects were 1,394 regular workers, who took part in radiation seminars run by the Fukushima Occupational Health Promotion Center between July and September, 2011. In total, 1,217 responses were submitted, of which 1,110 were eligible for the present study. This anonymous questionnaire survey inquired about the presence and age of children in the household and about radiation preventive behavior implemented after the FND. The contribution of each variable was assessed by logistic regression analysis. Results: General workers in Fukushima who lived with younger children performed more preventive behavior against radiation during and after the FND. In particular, both location-related and daily routines were practiced significantly more frequently (p<0.01) by workers living with a child in the age ranges of 0-6 (8 of 10 items) and 7-12 (5 of 10 items). Conclusions: This is the first study to assess the positive association between living with children by age group and increased preventive behavior against radiation implemented by general workers after the FND.

Keywords

Living with children;preventive behavior;nuclear disaster;radiation;Fukushima

References

  1. Boice JD Jr (2006). Ionizing Radiation. In "Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Third Edition," Eds Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni JF, Jr. Oxford University Press Inc., New York, pp 259-93.
  2. Busby CC (2009).Very low dose fetal exposure to Chernobyl contamination resulted in increases in infant leukemia in Europe and raises questions about current radiation risk models. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 6, 3105-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph6123105
  3. Fujiwara S, Yamada M, Kodama K, et al (2000). Effects of radiation exposure in children. Shounika, 41, 2033-9.
  4. Fukushima Prefectural Government (2011). Radiation Q&A.
  5. Iida H(1996). Biological effects of radiation. Iryo Kagaku-sha, Tokyo.
  6. Jones L (2008). Responding to the needs of children in crisis. Int Rev Psychiatry, 20, 291-303. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540260801996081
  7. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2011). Report on Internal Migration in Japan after the Great East Japan Earthquake.
  8. Normile D (2011). Japan disaster: citizens find radiation far from Fukushima. Science, 332, 1368. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.332.6036.1368
  9. Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (2011). Responding to a Nuclear Emergency.
  10. Otake M, Fujikoshi Y, Funamoto S, Kodama K (1994). Evidence of radiation-induced reduction of height and body weight from repeated measurements of adults exposed in childhood to the atomic bombs. Radiat Res, 140, 112-22. https://doi.org/10.2307/3578576
  11. Tsujimoto T, Kusama T (1994). Fundamentals of radiation protection. The Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun, Ltd., Tokyo.
  12. Wakeford R (2011). And now, Fukushima. R Radiol Prot, 31, 167-76. https://doi.org/10.1088/0952-4746/31/2/E02

Cited by

  1. Effect of age and social connection on perceived anxiety over radiation exposure among decontamination workers in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan vol.58, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1539/joh.15-0152-OA
  2. Mental Health Consequences and Social Issues After the Fukushima Disaster vol.29, pp.2_suppl, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539516689695