DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Population Inquiry Regarding Mammography in Postmenopausal Women in Southern Brazil

  • Romeiro-Lopes, Tiara Cristina (Health Sciences, Maringa State University) ;
  • Dell'Agnolo, Catia Millene (Program in Nursing, Maringa State University) ;
  • Rocha-Brischiliari, Sheila Cristina (Health Sciences, Maringa State University) ;
  • Gravena, Angela Andreia Franca (Health Sciences, Maringa State University) ;
  • de Barros Carvalho, Maria Dalva (Health Sciences, Maringa State University) ;
  • Pelloso, Sandra Marisa (Health Sciences, Maringa State University)
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to analyze the prevalence of non-performance of mammography, and associated factors, among postmenopausal women. This analytical, exploratory, cross-sectional study, of a domicile population inquiry type, was performed in the municipality of Maringa, Parana, Brazil. A total of 456 women were interviewed, aged 45 to 69 years, who presented with natural menopause and cessation of menstruation for at least twelve months. Statistical associations were found between the non-performance of mammography and schooling of less than seven years, paid employment, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, the non-use of hormone replacement therapy, not having consulted a doctor in the previous year, not having consulted a gynecologist, lacking a family history of breast cancer, not having performed the Papanicolaou test, not having performed clinical breast examination, and not having difficult access to health services. After logistic regression analysis, not performing mammography was associated with reports of a fair or bad health status. The study data revealed factors "responsible" for the non-performance of mammography, and the results should contributing to improvement/enhancement of healthy behaviour of Brazilian women in the post-menopausal phase.

Keywords

Mammography;mass screening;post-menopause;breast neoplasms

References

  1. American Cancer Society (2012). Breast Cancer: Early Detection. Atlanta: American Cancer Society.
  2. American Cancer Society (2013). Cancer Facts & Figures 2013. Atlanta: American Cancer Society.
  3. Barr JK, Franks AL, Lee NC, Herther P, Schachter M (2001). Factors associated with continued participation in mammography screening. Prev Med, 33, 661-7. https://doi.org/10.1006/pmed.2001.0942
  4. Barret K, Legg J (2005). Demographic and health factors associated with mammography utilization. Am J Health Promot, 19, 401-5. https://doi.org/10.4278/0890-1171-19.6.401
  5. Calle EE, Rodriguez C, Walker-Thurmond K, Thun MJ (2003). Overweight, obesity, and mortality from cancer in a prospectively studied cohort of U.S. adults. N Engl J Med, 348, 1625-38. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa021423
  6. Chlebowski RT, Pettinger M, Stefanick ML, et al (2004). Insulin, physical activity, and caloric intake in postmenopausal women: breast cancer implications. Clin Oncol, 22, 4507-13. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2004.04.119
  7. Colditz GA, Atwood KA, Emmons K, et al (2000). Harvard report on cancer prevention volume 4: harvard cancer risk index. Cancer Causes and Control, 11, 477-88. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008984432272
  8. Coughlin SS, Ekwueme DU (2009). Breast cancer as a global health concern. Cancer epidemiol, 33, 315-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2009.10.003
  9. Cui Y, Miller AB, Rohan TE (2006). Cigarette smoking and breast cancer risk: update of a prospective cohort study. Breast Cancer Res Treat, 100, 293-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-006-9255-3
  10. Duffy SW, Tabar L, Chen HH, et al (2002). The impact of organized mammography service screening on breast carcinoma mortality in seven Swedish counties. Cancer, 95, 458-69. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.10765
  11. Elmore JG, Armstrong K, Lehman CD, Fletcher SW (2005). Screening for breast cancer. JAMA, 293, 1245-56. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.293.10.1245
  12. Godinho E, Koch HA (2002). The profile of women undergoing mammography in Goiania - a contribution to "Foundations for early detection of breast cancer". Radiol Bras, 35, 139-45. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-39842002000300004
  13. Gotzsche PC, Nielsen M (2011). Screening for breast cancer with mammography. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 1, 001877.
  14. Gotzsche PC, Jorgensen KJ, Zahl PH, Maehlen J (2012). Why mammography screening has not lived up to expectations from the randomized trials. Cancer Causes Control, 23, 15-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-011-9867-8
  15. Halls SB (2009). About the arithmetic formula for the calculation of ideal body weight.
  16. Iarc. Agencia Internacional de Pesquisas com Cancer (2008). GLOBOCAN-Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide.
  17. Irwin ML, McTiernan A, Manson JE, et al (2011). Physical activity and survival in postmenopausal women with breast cancer: results from the women’s health initiative. Cancer Prev Res, 4, 522-9. https://doi.org/10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-10-0295
  18. Jemal A, Siegel R, Ward E, et al (2009). Cancer statistics, 2009. CA Cancer J Clin, 59, 225-49. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.20006
  19. Leitzmann MF, Moore SC, Peters TM, et al (2008). Prospective study of physical activity and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res, 10, 92.
  20. Lima-Costa MF, Matos DL (2007). Prevalence and factors associated with mammography aged 50-69 years factors: a study based on the National Household Sample Survey - 2003. Cad Saude Publica, 23, 1665-73. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2007000700018
  21. Luo J, Horn K, Ockene JK, et al (2011)a. Interaction between smoking and obesity and the risk of developing breast cancer among postmenopausal women.The women’s health initiative observational study. Am J Epidemiol, 174, 919-28. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwr192
  22. Luo J, Margolis KL, Wactawski-Wende J, et al (2011)b. Association of active and passive smoking with risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women: a prospective cohort study. BMJ, 342, 1016. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d1016
  23. Marchi AA, Gurgel MSC (2010). Adherence to opportunistic mammography screening in public and private health services. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet, 32, 191-7.
  24. Matos JC, Carvalho MDB, Pelloso SM, Uchimura TT, Mathias TAF (2009). Mortality from breast cancer in women from Maringa, Parana, Brazil. Rev Gaucha Enferm, 30, 445-52.
  25. Meissner HI, Klabunde CN, Han PK, Benard VB, Breen N (2011). Breast cancer screening beliefs, recommendations and practices: primary care physicians in the united states. .Cancer, 117, 3101-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.25873
  26. Novaes HMD, Braga PE, Schout D (2006). Factors associated with preventive examinations for cancer in Brazilian women, PNAD, 2003. Cienc Saude Coletiva, 11, 1023-35. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232006000400023
  27. Parvinen I, Helenius H, Pylkkanen L, et al (2006). Service screening mammography reduces breast cancer mortality among elderly women in Turku. J Med Screen, 13, 34-40. https://doi.org/10.1258/096914106776179845
  28. Sclowitz ML, Menezes AMB, Gigante DP, Tessaro S (2005). Secondary prevention of breast cancer and associated factors. Rev Saude Publica, 39, 340-9. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102005000300003
  29. Siqueira RFCB, Sa DSB, Pinto Neto AM, et al (2004). Factors associated with mammographic density in postmenopausal women. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet, 26, 45-52.
  30. Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (2007). IV Brazilian Guidelines on Dyslipidemia and Atherosclerosis Prevention Department of Atherosclerosis of Brazilian Society of Cardiology. Arquivos Brasileitos de Cardiologia, 88, 1-19.
  31. Tiezzi DG (2010). Breast cancer: a future challenge for the health system in developing countries. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet, 32, 257-9.
  32. World Health Organization (2006). Global database on body mass index. BMI classification. Washington.
  33. Xue F, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Michels KB (2011). Cigarette smoking and the incidence of breast cancer. Arch Intern Med, 171, 125-33.

Cited by

  1. Years of Potential Life Lost Due to Breast and Cervical Cancer: a Challenge for Brazilian Public Policy vol.15, pp.23, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.23.10313