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Expression Analysis of Two Cancer-testis Genes, FBXO39 and TDRD4, in Breast Cancer Tissues and Cell Lines

  • Seifi-Alan, Mahnaz (Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Shamsi, Roshanak (Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Ghafouri-Fard, Soudeh (Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Mirfakhraie, Reza (Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Zare-Abdollahi, Davood (Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Movafagh, Abolfazl (Department of Medical Genetics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Modarressi, Mohammad Hossein (Department of Medical Genetics, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Kazemi, Golnesa (Genetics Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences) ;
  • Geranpayeh, Lobat (Department of Surgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Najafi-Ashtiani, Mitra (Shahid Madani Hospital)
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

Breast cancer accounts for one third of new cancer cases among women. The need for biomarkers for early detection is the stimulus to researchers to evaluate altered expression of genes in tumours. Cancer-testis (CT) genes are a group with limited expression in normal tissues except testis but up-regulation in a wide variety of cancers. We here evaluated expression of two CT genes named FBXO39 and TDRD4 in 32 invasive ductal carcinoma samples, 10 fibroadenomas and 6 normal breast tissue samples, in addition to two breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231, by the means of quantitative real time RT-PCR. FBXO39 showed significant up-regulation in invasive ductal carcinoma samples in comparison with normal samples. It also was expressed in both cell lines and after RHOXF1 gene knock down it was down-regulated in MCF-7 but up-regulated in the MDA-MB-231 cell line. TDRD4 was not expressed in the MCF-7 cell line and any of the tissue samples except testis. However, it was expressed in MDA-MB-231 and was up-regulated after RHOXF1 gene knock down. Our results show that FBXO39 but not TDRD4 can be used for cancer detection and if proved to be immunogenic, might be a putative candidate for breast cancer immunotherapy.

Keywords

Breast cancer;cell lines;cancer-testis genes;FBXO39;TDRD4

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