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TP63 Gene Polymorphisms, Cooking Oil Fume Exposure and Risk of Lung Adenocarcinoma in Chinese Non-smoking Females

  • Yin, Zhi-Hua (Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University) ;
  • Cui, Zhi-Gang (China Medical University) ;
  • Ren, Yang-Wu (Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University) ;
  • Su, Meng (Department of Internal Medicine, Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute) ;
  • Ma, Rui (Department of Internal Medicine, Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute) ;
  • He, Qin-Cheng (China Medical University) ;
  • Zhou, Bao-Sen (Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, China Medical University)
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

Background: Genetic polymorphisms of TP63 have been suggested to influence susceptibility to lung adenocarcinoma development in East Asian populations. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between common polymorphisms in the TP63 gene and the risk of lung adenocarcinoma, as well as interactions of the polymorphisms with environmental risk factors in Chinese non-smoking females. Methods: A case-control study of 260 cases and 318 controls was conducted. Data concerning demographic and risk factors were obtained for each subject. The genetic polymorphisms were determined by Taqman real-time PCR and statistical analyses were performed using SPSS software. Results: For 10937405, carriers of the CT genotype or at least one T allele (CT/TT) had lower risks of lung adenocarcinoma compared with the homozygous wild CC genotype in Chinese nonsmoking females (adjusted ORs were 0.68 and 0.69, 95%CIs were 0.48-0.97 and 0.50-0.97, P values were 0.033 and 0.030, respectively). Allele comparison showed that the T allele of rs10937405 was associated with a decreased risk of lung adenocarcinoma with an OR of 0.78 (95%CI=0.60-1.01, P=0.059). Our results showed that exposure to cooking oil fumes was associated with increased risk of lung adenocarcinoma in Chinese nonsmoking females (adjusted OR=1.58, 95%CI=1.11-2.25, P=0.011). However, we did not observe a significant interaction of cooking oil fumes and TP63 polymorphisms. Conclusion: TP63 polymorphism might be a genetic susceptibility factor for lung adenocarcinoma in Chinese non-smoking females, but no significant interaction was found with cooking oil fume exposure.

Keywords

TP63 gene;SNPs;cooking oil fumes;lung adenocarcinoma;female nonsmokers

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