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Kisspeptins (KiSS-1): Essential Players in Suppressing Tumor Metastasis

  • Prabhu, Venugopal Vinod (Department of Biotechnology, Karunya University) ;
  • Sakthivel, Kunnathur Murugesan (Department of Biotechnology, Karunya University) ;
  • Guruvayoorappan, Chandrasekharan (Department of Biotechnology, Karunya University)
  • Published : 2013.11.30

Abstract

Kisspeptins (KPs) encoded by the KiSS-1 gene are C-terminally amidated peptide products, including KP-10, KP-13, KP-14 and KP-54, which are endogenous agonists for the G-protein coupled receptor-54 (GPR54). Functional analyses have demonstrated fundamental roles of KiSS-1 in whole body homeostasis including sexual differentiation of brain, action on sex steroids and metabolic regulation of fertility essential for human puberty and maintenance of adult reproduction. In addition, intensive recent investigations have provided substantial evidence suggesting roles of Kisspeptin signalling via its receptor GPR54 in the suppression of metastasis with a variety of cancers. The present review highlights the latest studies regarding the role of Kisspeptins and the KiSS-1 gene in tumor progression and also suggests targeting the KiSS-1/GPR54 system may represent a novel therapeutic approach for cancers. Further investigations are essential to elucidate the complex pathways regulated by the Kisspeptins and how these pathways might be involved in the suppression of metastasis across a range of cancers.

Keywords

Kisspeptins;GPR54 receptor;KiSS-1 gene;metastasis;cancer

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