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Do the Different Reasons for Lactation Discontinuation Have Similar Impact on Future Breast Problems?

  • Ghadiri, Fereshteh (Department of Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, School of Public Health Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Iranpour, Negar (Department of Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, School of Public Health Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Yunesian, Masud (Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Shadlou, Zahra (Department of Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, School of Public Health Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Kaviani, Ahmad (Department of Surgery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, School of Public Health Tehran University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2013.10.30

Abstract

Background: Breast feeding is considered to be mutually beneficial for both mothers and infants, though the effect of lactation problems on development of breast lesions (whether benign or malignant) is not clear. Objectives: This study was conducted to identify possible relations between lactation problems and benign and malignant breast disease. Materials and Methods: 308 patients referred to two referral breast clinics in Tehran, the capital city of IR Iran, between January 2008 and January 2011, were recruited. They were interviewed by a standard questionnaire regarding breast feeding problems. The study population was classified in 3 major groups; breast feeding without any problem, unwillingness to breast feed according to whether mothers' preference not to feed or some breast problems like mastitis, and finally insufficient milk that caused the mothers to feed their babies with formula. Results: Recruiting binary logistic regression method, mother's unwillingness to feed her child by breast milk, and also breast problems such as mastitis and abscess during lactation period showed significant relation with both benign and malignant breast diseases (p value<0.01). Surprisingly, inadequate milk was not associated with any of these conditions. Conclusions: We concluded that lactation problems which involve normal milk drainage from the breast may play an important role in whether the mother wll subsequently develope both benign and malignant pathologies. In contrast in the situation that the production of the milk is not sufficient and there are no intentional or unintentional problems in drainage of the produced milk, future problems would not be more common.

Keywords

Breast cancer;breast benign diseases;breastfeeding;lactation

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