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Relationship between Social Network and Stage of Adoption of Gastric Cancer Screening among the Korean Population

  • Lee, Myung Ha (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Choi, Kui Son (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Lee, Yoon Young (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Suh, Mina (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center) ;
  • Jun, Jae Kwan (National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center)
  • Published : 2013.10.30

Abstract

Few studies have examined the relationship between social support and stages of adoption of cancer screening. Here we investigated associations between both structural and functional aspects of social support and stages of adoption of gastric cancer screening in the general population of Korea. The study population was derived from the 2011 Korean National Cancer Screening Survey (KNCSS), an annual cross-sectional survey that uses nationally representative random sampling to investigate cancer screening rates. Data were analyzed from 3,477 randomly selected respondents aged 40-74 years. Respondents were classified according to their stage of adoption of gastric cancer screening: precontemplation (13.2%), contemplation (18.0%), action/maintenance (56.1%), relapse risk (8.5%), and relapse stage (4.1%). Respondents with larger social networks were more likely to be in the contemplation/action/maintenance, or the relapse risk/relapse stages versus the precontemplation stage (OR=1.91, 95%CI: 1.52-2.91; p for tend=0.025). Emotional and instrumental supports were not associated with any stage of adoption of gastric cancer screening. However, respondents who reported receiving sufficient informational support were more likely to be in the relapse risk/relapse stages versus the precontemplation, or the contemplation/action/maintenance stage (p for trend=0.016). Interventions involving interactions between social network members could play an important role in increasing participation in gastric cancer screening.

Keywords

Cancer screening;social network;social support;stomach cancer;stage of adoption

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Cancer Center

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