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Cyclamen Exerts Cytotoxicity in Solid Tumor Cell Lines: a Step Toward New Anticancer Agents?

  • Yildiz, Mustafa (Department of Medical Oncology, Antalya Education and Research Hospital) ;
  • Bozcu, Hakan (Department of Medical Oncology, Akdeniz University Hospital) ;
  • Tokgun, Onur (Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Pamukkale University) ;
  • Karagur, Ege Riza (Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Pamukkale University) ;
  • Akyurt, Oktay (Plant Collector) ;
  • Akca, Hakan (Department of Medical Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Pamukkale University)
  • Published : 2013.10.30

Abstract

Cyclamen coum is a traditional medicinal plant in the Turkey. Its anticancer properties and whether cyclamen extract induces any cytotoxicity in solid cancer cell lines have not been thoroughly investigated previously. Therefore we examined cytotoxic effects on cervical cells; HeLa and non small cell lung cancer cell, H1299, lines; Cyclamen extract induced cellular death of both HeLa and H1299 cells in a dose dependent manner. We also analyzed the capacity of cyclamen extract to induce apoptosis by the TUNEL method. Here, for the first time we report that the extract of Cyclamen coum, an endemic plant for Turkey, Bulgaria, Georgia and the Middle East can induce cytotoxicity via apoptosis in HeLa and H1299 cells. These results imply that cyclamen extract can be further analyzed to potentially find novel anticancer compounds.

Keywords

Cyclamen coum;HeLa;H1299;cytotoxicity;apoptosis

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