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Genotype Distribution and Behavioral Risk Factor Analysis of Human Papillomavirus Infection in Uyghur Women

  • Sui, Shuang (Postgraduate College of Xinjiang Medical University) ;
  • Jiao, Zhen (Department of Gynecology, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region) ;
  • Niyazi, Mayinuer (Department of Gynecology, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region) ;
  • Sulaiya, Sulaiya (Department of Gynecology, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region) ;
  • Lu, Ping (Department of Gynecology, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region) ;
  • Qiao, You-Lin (Department of Cancer Epidemiology, Cancer Institute and hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2013.10.30

Abstract

We investigated the distribution of HPV genotypes in Uyghur women in Xinjiang region of China, and behavioral factors which could predispose them to HPV infection. In this cross-sectional study, women aged 15-59 years were recruited by cluster sampling method in Yutian region in 2009. Liquid-based cytology samples were analyzed centrally for HPV genotype with a linear array detector. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify behavioral risk factors for HPV infection. A total of 883 Uyghur women were recruited successfully. The prevalence of high-risk HPV and low-risk HPV were 7.25% and 1.58%, respectively; the most common HPVs were HPV16, 51, 31, 39 and 58. We found that age of first sexual intercourse was a strong predictor for HPV infection (odds ratio of 4.01 for ${\leq}15$ years versus ${\geq}25$). Having sexual partners ${\geq}3$ was the second predictor (OR 3.69, 95% CI 2.24-7.16). Cleaning the vagina after sex showed an increased risk of HPV infection (OR 2.72; 95% CI 1.98-5.13); Using the condom showed protective factors for HPV infection (OR 0.36; 95%CI0.12-0.53). HPV16, 51, 31, 39 and 58 were the priority types; the age of first sexual intercourse was identified as a major risk factor for HPV infection. Other notable risks were number of sexual partners and cleaning the vagina after sex. Changing these behavioral risk factors could help to reduce the occurrence of cervical cancer in this population.

Keywords

Human papillomavirus;genotypes distribution;risk factors;Uyghur women

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