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Fenugreek Induced Apoptosis in Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells Mediated Independently by Fas Receptor Change

  • Alshatwi, Ali Abdullah (Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University) ;
  • Shafi, Gowhar (Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University) ;
  • Hasan, Tarique Noorul (Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University) ;
  • Syed, Naveed Ahmed (Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University) ;
  • Khoja, Kholoud Khalid (Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University)
  • Published : 2013.10.30

Abstract

Trigonella foenum in graecum (Fenugreek) is a traditional herbal plant used to treat disorders like diabetes, high cholesterol, wounds, inflammation, gastrointestinal ailments, and it is believed to have anti-tumor properties, although the mechanisms for the activity remain to be elucidated. In this study, we prepared a methanol extract from Fenugreek whole plants and investigated the mechanism involved in its growth-inhibitory effect on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Apoptosis of MCF-7 cells was evidenced by investigating trypan blue exclusion, TUNEL and Caspase 3, 8, 9, p53, FADD, Bax and Bak by real-time PCR assays inducing activities, in the presence of FME at $65{\mu}g/mL$ for 24 and 48 hours. FME induced apoptosis was mediated by the death receptor pathway as demonstrated by the increased level of Fas receptor expression after FME treatment. However, such change was found to be absent in Caspase 3, 8, 9, p53, FADD, Bax and Bak, which was confirmed by a time-dependent and dose-dependent manner. In summary, these data demonstrate that at least 90% of FME induced apoptosis in breast cell is mediated by Fas receptor-independently of either FADD, Caspase 8 or 3, as well as p53 interdependently.

Keywords

Fenugreek;apoptosis;breast cancer;gene expression;Fas receptor

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