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Anticancer Activity of Petroselinum sativum Seed Extracts on MCF-7 Human Breast Cancer Cells

  • Farshori, Nida Nayyar (Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University) ;
  • Al-Sheddi, Ebtesam Saad (Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University) ;
  • Al-Oqail, Mai Mohammad (Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University) ;
  • Musarrat, Javed (Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University) ;
  • Al-Khedhairy, Abdulaziz Ali (Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University) ;
  • Siddiqui, Maqsood Ahmed (Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University)
  • Published : 2013.10.30

Abstract

Pharmacological and preventive properties of Petroselinum sativum seed extracts are well known, but the anticancer activity of alcoholic extracts and oil of Petroselinum sativum seeds on human breast cancer cells have not been explored so far. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the cytotoxic activities of these extracts against MCF-7 cells. Cells were exposed to 10 to $1000{\mu}g/ml$ of alcoholic seed extract (PSA) and seed oil (PSO) of Petroselinum sativum for 24 h. Post-treatment, percent cell viability was studied by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2, 5-biphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and neutral red uptake (NRU) assays, and cellular morphology by phase contrast inverted microscopy. The results showed that PSA and PSO significantly reduced cell viability, and altered the cellular morphology of MCF-7 cells in a concentration dependent manner. Concentrations of $50{\mu}g/ml$ and above of PSA and $100{\mu}g/ml$ and above of PSO were found to be cytotoxic in MCF-7 cells. Cell viability at 50, 100, 250, 500 and $1000{\mu}g/ml$ of PSA was recorded as 81%, 57%, 33%, 8% and 5%, respectively, whereas at 100, 250, 500, and $1000{\mu}g/ml$ of PSO values were 90%, 78%, 62%, and 8%, respectively by MTT assay. MCF-7 cells exposed to 250, 500 and $1000{\mu}g/ml$ of PSA and PSO lost their typical morphology and appeared smaller in size. The data revealed that the treatment with PSA and PSO of Petroselinum sativum induced cell death in MCF-7 cells.

Keywords

MCF;7 cells;Petroselinum sativum;cellular morphology;cytotoxicity

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