- Volume 14 Issue 10
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Teratoma Formation in Immunocompetent Mice After Syngeneic and Allogeneic Implantation of Germline Capable Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells
- Aldahmash, Abdullah (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital) ;
- Atteya, Muhammad (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital) ;
- Elsafadi, Mona (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital) ;
- Al-Nbaheen, May (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital) ;
- Al-Mubarak, Husain Adel (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital) ;
- Vishnubalaji, Radhakrishnan (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital) ;
- Al-Roalle, Ali (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital) ;
- Al-Harbi, Suzan (Biology Department, College of Science, King Abdulaziz University) ;
- Manikandan, Muthurangan (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital) ;
- Matthaei, Klaus Ingo (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital) ;
- Mahmood, Amer (Stem Cell Unit, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Khalid University Hospital)
- Published : 2013.10.30
Background: Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) have the potential to form teratomas when implanted into immunodeficient mice, but data in immunocompetent mice are limited. We therefore investigated teratoma formation after implantation of three different mouse ESC (mESC) lines into immunocompetent mice. Materials and Methods: BALB/c mice were injected with three highly germline competent mESCs (129Sv, BALB/c and C57BL/6) subcutaneously or under the kidney capsule. After 4 weeks, mice were euthanized and examined histologically for teratoma development. The incidence, size and composition of teratomas were compared using Pearson Chi-square, t-test for dependent variables, one-way analysis of variance and the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance and median test. Results: Teratomas developed from all three cell lines. The incidence of formation was significantly higher under the kidney capsule compared to subcutaneous site and occurred in both allogeneic and syngeneic mice. Overall, the size of teratoma was largest with the 129Sv cell line and under the kidney capsule. Diverse embryonic stem cell-derived tissues, belonging to the three embryonic germ layers, were encountered, reflecting the pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. Most commonly represented tissues were nervous tissue, keratinizing stratified squamous epithelium (ectoderm), smooth muscle, striated muscle, cartilage, bone (mesoderm), and glandular tissue in the form of gut- and respiratory-like epithelia (endoderm). Conclusions: ESCs can form teratomas in immunocompetent mice and, therefore, removal of undifferentiated ESC is a pre-requisite for a safe use of ESC in cell-based therapies. In addition the genetic relationship of the origin of the cell lines to the ability to transplant plays a major role.
Mouse embryonic stem cells;teratoma;immunocompetent;syngeneic;allogeneic
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