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Comparison of Male and Female Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality Trends in Central Serbia

  • Sipetic-Grujicic, Sandra (Institute of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade) ;
  • Murtezani, Zafir (Clinical Hospital Centre Bezanijska Kosa) ;
  • Ratkov, Isidora (Institute of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade) ;
  • Grgurevic, Anita (Institute of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade) ;
  • Marinkovic, Jelena (Institute of Medical Statistics and Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade) ;
  • Bjekic, Milan (City Institute for Skin and Venereal Diseases) ;
  • Miljus, Dragan (Institute of Public Health of Republic of Serbia)
  • Published : 2013.10.30

Abstract

Background: To compare breast cancer incidence and mortality trends in Central Serbia between males and females in the period 1999-2009. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, mortality data were obtained from the National Statistics Institute and morbidity data were derived from Institute of Public Health of Serbia for the period of interest. Results: Breast cancer is a leading cancer in the female population of Central Serbia, whereas in male population it is not on the list of 10 leading localizations, concerning both incidence as well as mortality. In the period 1999-2009 the average standardized incidence rates of breast cancer were 60.5/100,000 in women and 1.4/100,000 in men, while average standardized mortality rates were 20.4/100,000 and 0.4/100,000. The average standardized incidence and mortality rates were about 45 times higher in females than males. Male breast cancer comprises approximately 2.1% of all breast cancer cases. The average age-specific mortality and incidence rates increased with age in both sexes. In the observed period standardized mortality rates of breast cancer increased significantly only in men ($y=0.320+0.0215{\times}$, p=0.044). Conclusions: The increase of breast cancer incidence in both sexes and mortality in men, indicate an urgent need for Serbian health professionals to apply existing cancer control and preventive measures. Male breast cancer is more present than in other world regions, with an outstanding increase of mortality, which demands a timely identification (screening) and adequate treatment. A national policy including mammography should be considered in the light of the newest findings.

Keywords

Breast cancer;incidence;mortality;trend;descriptive epidemiologic study

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Education and Science

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