Lifestyle Factors Including Diet and Leukemia Development: a Case-Control Study from Mumbai, India

  • Balasubramaniam, Ganesh (Department of Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tata Memorial Hospital) ;
  • Saoba, Sushama Laxman (Department of Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tata Memorial Hospital) ;
  • Sarhade, Monika Nilesh (Department of Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tata Memorial Hospital) ;
  • Kolekar, Suvarna Anand (Department of Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tata Memorial Hospital)
  • Published : 2013.10.30


In India, among males, leukemia rates vary across the country. The present unmatched hospital-based case-control study conducted at Tata Memorial Hospital included subjects registered between the years 1997-99. There were 246 leukemia cases and 1,383 normal controls. Data on demographics, lifestyle, diet and occupation history were recorded. Cigarette (OR=2.1) and bidi smoking (OR=3.4) showed excess risk for leukemia. Odds ratios were 3.9 for fish-eaters, 0.40 for chilli eaters, 1.5 for milk drinkers and 0.60 for coffee drinkers, compared to non-drinkers/eaters. However, neither exposure to use of pesticides nor cotton dust showed any excess risk for leukemia.


Leukemia;risk factors;case;control study;smoking;alcohol;coffee;fish;diet;India


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