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Anti-metastatic Potential of Ethanol Extract of Saussurea involucrata against Hepatic Cancer in vitro

  • Byambaragchaa, Munkhzaya (Division of Animal Life and Environmental Science, Hankyong National University) ;
  • de la Cruz, Joseph (College of Veterinary Medicine, University of the Philippines Los Bano) ;
  • Yang, Seung Hak (Animal Environment Division, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Hwang, Seong-Gu (Division of Animal Life and Environmental Science, Hankyong National University)
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

The rates of morbidity and mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not lessened because of difficulty in treating tumor metastasis. Mongolian Saussurea involucrata (SIE) possesses various anticancer activities, including apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. However, detailed effects and molecular mechanisms of SIE on metastasis are unclear. Thus, the present study was undertaken to investigate antimetastatic effects on HCC cells as well as possible mechanisms. Effects of SIE on the growth, adhesion, migration, aggregation and invasion of the SK-Hep1 human HCC cell line were investigated. SIE inhibited cell growth of metastatic cells in dose- and time-dependent manners. Incubation of SK-Hep1 cells with $200-400{\mu}g/mL$ of SIE significantly inhibited cell adhesion to gelatin-coated substrate. In the migration (wound healing) and aggregation assays, SIE treated cells showed lower levels than untreated cells. Invasion assays revealed that SIE treatment inhibited cell invasion capacity of HCC cells substantially. Quantitative real time PCR showed inhibitory effects of SIE on MMP-2/-9 and MT1-MMP mRNA levels, and stimulatory effects on TIMP-1, an inhibitor of MMPs. The present study not only demonstrated that invasion and motility of cancer cells were inhibited by SIE, but also indicated that such effects were likely associated with the decrease in MMP-2/-9 expression of SK-Hep1 cells. From these results, it was suggested that SIE could be used as potential anti-tumor agent.

Keywords

Saussurea involucrata;liver cancer;metastasis;MMP-2;MMP-9;TIMP-1

Acknowledgement

Grant : Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science and Technology Development

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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