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Lentivirus Mediated GOLPH3 shRNA Inhibits Growth and Metastasis of Esophageal Squamous Cancer

  • Wang, Qiang (First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Wang, Xian (First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Zhang, Can-Bin (First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Science and Technology)
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the role of Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) in tumour growth and metastasis of esophageal squamous cancer. Methods: A lentiviral shRNA-vector was utilized to stably knockdown GOLPH3 in Eca-109 esophageal squamous cancer cells. mRNA transcription and protein expression of GOLPH3 were examined by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Cell proliferation activity was assessed by MTT assay and invasion and migration potentials by matrigel invasion and transwell motility assays. Results: Stable knockdown in the GOLPH3 cell line was established. PD-A gene expression was significantly suppressed by lentivirus-mediated RNAi, which resulted in reducing the capacity for cell proliferation, migration, invasion and adhesion in vitro. In vivo, GOLPH3 depletion resulted in inhibition of tumour growth, with stable decrease in the expression of GOLPH3 in tumor xenografts. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that lentivirus mediated silencing of the GOLPH3 gene has a significant anti-tumour effect on esophageal squamous cancer in vitro and in vivo. In addition, the results indicate that GOLPH3 might be an effective molecular target for gene therapy in esophageal squamous cancer.

Keywords

GOLPH3;esophageal squamous cancer;shRNA;lentivirus-mediated treatment

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