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A Single Measure of Cancer Burden in Korea from 1999 to 2010

  • Cho, Kyoung-Hee (Department of Public Health, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Park, Sohee (Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Kwang-Sig (Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Jang, Sung-In (Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Yoo, Ki-Bong (Department of Public Health, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Hyun (Department of Public Health, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Park, Eun-Cheol (Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine)
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to develop a single measure of cancer burden (SMCB), which can prioritize cancer sites by considering incidence and mortality. Materials and Methods: Incidence data from 1999 to 2010 were obtained from the Korea Central Cancer Registry. Mortality data from 1999 to 2010 were obtained from Statistics Korea. The SMCB was developed by adding incidence and mortality scores. The respective scores were given such that incidence and mortality were classified by ten ranges of equal intervals. Results: According to the SMCB in 2010, stomach cancer ranked $1^{st}$ in males with 20 points, and colorectal cancer was $2^{nd}$ with 11 points. Breast cancer and thyroid cancer were joint $1^{st}$ with 11 points for females. The SMCB for females was less than that for males. The burden of stomach cancer was $1^{st}$ in males from 1999-2010. The incidences of lung cancer and liver cancer decreased, whereas thyroid cancer and colon cancer increased during the period. Breast cancer and thyroid cancer burden showed tendencies to increase in females. Comparison of SMCB with disability-adjusted life years (DALY) and socioeconomic costs in 2005 showed that the top five cancer sites were similar, but there were differences in the size of the cancer burden. Conclusions: The SMCB indicated that the burdens of stomach cancer in males and thyroid and breast cancers in females were large. The single measure showed an advantage, reflected as the equivalent dimensions of incidence and mortality, whereas DALY and economic costs showed tendencies to reflect premature death.

Keywords

Single indicator;summary measure;incidence;mortality;cancer burden

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korean Foundation for cancer research

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