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Can Capecitabine be used Instead of Concurrent Bolus 5-FU in Postoperative Chemoradiotherapy for Gastric Adenocarcinoma?

  • Yoney, Adnan (Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology) ;
  • Isikli, Levent (Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiation Oncology)
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

Background: 5-fluoro-uracil (FU) is a common agent in postoperative chemoradiation in gastric adenocarcinoma. However, FU is not well tolerated in a significant proportion of patients. Capecitabine (CA) is an orally administered fluoropyrimidine carbamate which is preferentially converted to active 5-FU and is one of the agents used instead of FU in such cases. We compared the toxicity, local and distant control and survival rates with FU or oral CA during the course of concurrent radiotherapy to assess the role of CA used instead of FU. Materials and Methods: We conducted an analysis of survival, disease control and toxicity data in 46 patients treated with postoperative chemoradiation following total or subtotal gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma with either FU or CA between January 2008 and December 2012. Results: Median follow-up was 19 months (range: 3-59), median survival time was 23 ({\pm}6.08) months and 1-3 years overall survival (OS) rates were 64.9-39% for all patients. Compared with the CA regimen, the incidence of treatment interruption was higher with FU (p=0.023), but no significant differences were seen in local control (p=0.510), distant recurrences (p=0.721) and survival rates (p=0.866) among patients. Conclusions: Concurrent CA with radiotherapy seems to be a more tolerable and an equally effective regimen for the postoperative treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma when compared to FU.

Keywords

Flurouracil;capecitabine;radiotherapy;postoperative chemoradiation;gastric adenocarcinoma

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