- Volume 14 Issue 9
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Relationships between Breast Cancer and Common Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors: an Ecological Study
- Abbastabar, Hedayat (Department of Epidemiology, Schools of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Science) ;
- Hamidifard, Parvin (BSc of Environmental Health, Tehran University of Medical Science) ;
- Roustazadeh, Abazar (Department of Biochemistry, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences) ;
- Mousavi, Seyyed Hamid (Department of Education, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences) ;
- Mohseni, Shokrallah (Department of Education, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences) ;
- Sepandi, Mojtaba (Department of Epidemiology, Schools of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Science) ;
- Barouni, Mohsen (Research Center for Health Services Management, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences) ;
- Alizadeh, Ali (Research Center for Social Determinants in Health Promotion, Department of Research and Technology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences)
- Published : 2013.09.30
Background: Breast cancer is one the most common cause of cancer-related deaths among women worldwide. The aims of this study were to investigate the impact of dietary factors and health status indicators on breast cancer (BC) incidence. Materials and Methods: Risk factor data (RFD) of 89,404 individuals (15-64 years old) were gathered by questionnaire and laboratory examinations through a cross sectional study from the Non-Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre (NCDSC) of Iran. BC incidences of all provinces through 2001-2006 segregated by age and gender were obtained from the Cancer Registry Ministry of Health (CRMH). Results: a significant positive relationship was seen between diabetes mellitus, fish comsupmption, percent of academic education and non-consumption of fruit, and breast cancer in women. However, non fish consumption, percent age illiteracy and taking fruit showed a significant negative relationship with the incidence of breast cancer. In addition, multiple linear regression analysis showed associations among percentage with academic education, fruit consumption and diabetes. Conclusions: We conclude that dietary factors such as fish and furit consumption, dairy products, health status indicators, academic education, and some diseases like diabetes mellitus can affect the BC incidence, although the results of ecologic studies like this must naturally be interpreted with caution.
Breast cancer;risk factors;correlation;linear regression;ecological study
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