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rs12904 Polymorphism in the 3'UTR of EFNA1 is Associated with Colorectal Cancer Susceptibility in a Chinese Population

  • Mao, Ying-Ying (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zhejiang University School of Public Health) ;
  • Jing, Fang-Yuan (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zhejiang University School of Public Health) ;
  • Jin, Ming-Juan (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zhejiang University School of Public Health) ;
  • Li, Ying-Jun (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zhejiang University School of Public Health) ;
  • Ding, Ye (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zhejiang University School of Public Health) ;
  • Guo, Jing (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zhejiang University School of Public Health) ;
  • Wang, Fen-Juan (Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Xiaoshan) ;
  • Jiang, Long-Fang (Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Xiaoshan) ;
  • Chen, Kun (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zhejiang University School of Public Health)
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

Accumulated evidence has indicated that Ephrin A1 (EFNA1) is associated with angiogenesis and tumorigenesis in various types of malignancies, including colorectal cancer (CRC). In the current study, we performed an online search using the public microarray database to investigate whether EFNA1 expression might be altered in CRC tissues. We then conducted a case-control study including 306 subjects (102 cases and 204 well-matched controls) in Xiaoshan County to assess any association between genetic polymorphisms in EFNA1 and CRC susceptibility. Searches in the Oncomine expression profiling database revealed EFNA1 to be overexpressed in CRC tissue compared with adjacent normal tissue. The rs12904 G-A variant located in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of EFNA1 was observed to be associated with CRC susceptibility. Compared with the AA homozygous genotype, those carrying GA genotype had a decreased risk of developing CRC (odds ratio (OR)=0.469, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.225-0.977, and P=0.043). The association was stronger among smokers and tea drinkers, however, no statistical evidence of interaction between rs12904 polymorphism and smoking or tea drinking on CRC risk was found. Our results suggest that EFNA1 is involved in colorectal tumorigenesis, and rs12904 A>G polymorphism in the 3' UTR of EFNA1 is associated with CRC susceptibility. Larger studies and further mechanistic investigations are warranted to confirm our findings.

Keywords

EFNA1;single-nucleotide polymorphism;colorectal cancer;susceptibility

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Natural Science Foundation of China

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