- Volume 14 Issue 9
DOI QR Code
Audit of Cancer Patients from Eastern Uttar Pradesh (UP), India: A University Hospital Based Two Year Retrospective Analysis
- Nandi, Moujhuri (Radiation Oncology, Clinical Fellow, Tata Medical Center) ;
- Mandal, Abhijit (Radiotherapy and Radiation Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University) ;
- Asthana, Anupam Kumar (Radiotherapy and Radiation Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University)
- Published : 2013.09.30
Background: A retrospective analysis of all cancer patients attending the radiotherapy outpatient department (OPD) of a single unit during the period of January 2005 till December 2006 was conducted to know the geographical distribution and incidence of the most common cancers, their stage of presentation, treatment compliance among the patients and follow-up. Materials and Methods: A total of 4,484 patients were registered in the Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University during the period of January 2005-December 2006; of which 1,975 registered in an individual unit were included for the retrospective analysis. Results: Most of the patients hailed from the various districts of UP and Bihar. Females outnumbered males with a ratio of 1.33:1. Females mostly belonged to the age group of 40-59 years; whilst males were a decade older. Major cancer sites in females were cervix and breast followed by head and neck. Leading cancer sites in males were head and neck, brain, bone, soft tissue and lung. Most of the cases presented in advanced stage of disease (74%). Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common histopathology (56%). A significant proportion of patients defaulted after undergoing preliminary investigations (16%). Only 53.9% of females and 58.5% of males took treatment out of which 68% and 63% completed the prescribed treatment. Compliance with follow-up was poor. Conclusions: The outcome of this study will significantly help us to define region specific strategies needed for cancer management in eastern Uttar Pradesh.
Cancer audit;retrospective analysis;cancer incidence;treatment;compliance to follow-up
- Siddiqui MS, Chandra R, Aziz A, Suman S (2012). Epidemiology and histopathological spectrum of head and neck cancers in bihar, a state of Eastern India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 3949-53. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.8.3949
- Sarkar M, Konar H, Raut D (2013). Clinico-pathological features of gynecological malignancies in a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India: importance of strengthening primary health care in prevention and early detection. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 3541-7. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.6.3541
- Siegel R, Naishadham D, Jemal A (2013).Cancer Statistics, 2013. Ca Cancer J Clin, 63, 11-3. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21166
- Swaminathan R, Selvakumaran R, Esmy PO, et al (2009). Cancer pattern and survival in a rural district in South India. Cancer Epidemiol, 33, 325-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2009.09.008
- Takiar R, Nadayil D, Nandakumar A (2010). Projections of number of cancer cases in India (2010-2020) by cancer groups. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 1045-9.
- Takiar R, Vijay CR (2011). An alternative approach to study the changes in the cancer pattern of women in India (1988-2005). Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 1253-6.
- Verma Y, Pradhan PK, Gurung N, et al (2012). Population-based cancer incidence in Sikkim, India: report on ethnic variation. Br J Cancer, 106, 962-5. https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2011.598
- Jemal A, Bray F, Center MM, et al (2011). Global cancer statistics. CA Cancer J Clin, 61, 69-90. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.20107
- Ansari M, Mehdi G, Arif SH, Ansari H, Khan T (2012). Smear patterns and spectrum of premalignant and malignant cervical epithelial lesions in postmenopausal Indian women: a hospital-based study. Diagn Cytopathol, 40, 976-83. https://doi.org/10.1002/dc.21708
- Das BP (2005). Cancer pattern in haryana: twenty-one years experience (a retrospective analysis of 15968 patients). Health Administrator, 1052, 29-49.
- Hussain MA, Pati S, Swain S, et al (2012). Pattern and trends of cancer in Odisha, India: a retrospective study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 6333-6. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.12.6333
- Manoharan N, Tyagi BB, Raina V (2010). Cancer incidences in rural Delhi, 2004-2005. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 73-7.
- Mehrotra R, Pandya S, Singhla M, Srivastava D, Singh M (2008). Spectrum of malignancies in Allahabad, North India: a hospital-based study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 9, 525-8.
- Mohanti BK, Nachiappan P, Pandey RM, et al (2007). Analysis of 2167 head and neck cancer patients' management, treatment compliance and outcomes from a regional cancer centre, Delhi, India. J Laryngol Otol, 121, 49-56.
- Paul M, George PS, Mathew A (2012). Patient and disease related factors associated with lost-to follow-up/drop-outs of cervical cancer patients: a study at a major cancer hospital in South India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 1529-34.
- Hypofractionated Radiotherapy for Breast Cancers - Preliminary Results from a Tertiary Care Center in Eastern India vol.15, pp.6, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.6.2505